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LEGE Nr

LEGE   Nr. 546 din 14 octombrie 2002

privind gratierea si procedura acordarii gratierii

ACT EMIS DE: PARLAMENT

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 755 din 16 octombrie 2002


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    Parlamentul Romaniei adopta prezenta lege.

    CAP. 1
    Dispozitii generale

    Art. 1
    Gratierea este masura de clementa ce consta in inlaturarea, in total sau in parte, a executarii pedepsei aplicate de instanta ori in comutarea acesteia in una mai usoara.
    Art. 2
    Gratierea poate fi acordata individual, prin decret al Presedintelui Romaniei, potrivit art. 94 lit. d) din Constitutia Romaniei, sau colectiv, de catre Parlament, prin lege organica, conform art. 72 alin. (3) lit. g) din Constitutie.

    CAP. 2
    Gratierea individuala

    Art. 3
    Gratierea individuala se acorda la cerere sau din oficiu, numai dupa ramanerea definitiva a hotararii de condamnare.
    Art. 4
    Cererea de gratiere individuala, impreuna cu actele anexate, se adreseaza Presedintelui Romaniei si poate fi facuta de:
    a) persoana condamnata, aparatorul ori reprezentantul legal al acesteia;
    b) sotul persoanei condamnate, ascendentii, descendentii, fratii, surorile ori copiii acestora, precum si de aceleasi rude ale sotului persoanei condamnate.
    Art. 5
    (1) Cererea de gratiere contine in mod obligatoriu datele de identificare a persoanei condamnate si pedeapsa pentru care se solicita gratierea.
    (2) La cererea de gratiere se anexeaza, in copie legalizata, hotararea definitiva de condamnare, certificatul de cazier judiciar si, dupa caz, acte de stare civila, certificate medicale, rapoarte de ancheta sociala si alte acte pe care solicitantul le considera necesare in sustinerea cererii sale.
    Art. 6
    (1) In vederea exercitarii prerogativei de gratiere, Presedintele Romaniei poate solicita, atunci cand socoteste necesar, avize consultative de la Ministerul Justitiei, care este obligat sa le inainteze in termen de 30 de zile de la data solicitarii.
    (2) De asemenea, atunci cand considera necesar, Presedintele Romaniei poate solicita informatii organelor administratiei publice locale, conducatorului locului de detentie, organelor judecatoresti si ale parchetelor, organelor de politie si altor institutii publice, precum si comandantului unitatii, pentru condamnatii militari.
    Art. 7
    Decretul de gratiere se publica in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I.
    Art. 8
    Decretul de gratiere trebuie sa contina urmatoarele elemente:
    a) datele de identificare a persoanei condamnate: numele, prenumele, prenumele parintilor, data si locul nasterii;
    b) elementele de identificare a hotararii judecatoresti de condamnare;
    c) pedeapsa aplicata de instanta, care face obiectul gratierii;
    d) modalitatea gratierii - totala sau partiala, indicandu-se partea de pedeapsa gratiata, pentru gratierea partiala.
    Art. 9
    (1) Prin decret se pot gratia una sau mai multe pedepse.
    (2) Gratierea individuala se acorda numai pentru pedepse privative de libertate. Dispozitiile prezentei legi privitoare la pedepse se aplica in mod corespunzator si sanctiunilor cu inchisoare contraventionala.
    (3) Nu pot fi gratiate pedepsele deja executate, pedepsele a caror executare nu a inceput din cauza sustragerii condamnatului de la executare, condamnarile cu suspendarea executarii pedepsei, pedepsele complementare si cele accesorii.
    (4) Gratierea individuala nu are efect asupra laturii civile si asupra masurilor administrative pronuntate intr-o cauza penala.
    Art. 10
    In situatia respingerii cererii de gratiere, actul de respingere va fi comunicat persoanei care a introdus cererea, in termen de 30 de zile de la data adoptarii deciziei de catre Presedintele Romaniei.
    Art. 11
    Gratierea individuala poate fi refuzata de catre beneficiarul ei atunci cand cererea a fost facuta de alta persoana. Aceasta prevedere nu se aplica in cazul condamnatului minor.

    CAP. 3
    Gratierea colectiva

    Art. 12
    Gratierea colectiva se acorda unui numar de persoane pentru condamnari determinate prin cuantumul pedepselor sau prin infractiunile pentru care au fost pronuntate.
    Art. 13
    (1) Gratierea colectiva poate avea ca obiect numai pedepse aplicate de instanta pentru fapte savarsite anterior datei prevazute in legea de gratiere.
    (2) Atunci cand legea de gratiere intra in vigoare inaintea ramanerii definitive a hotararii de condamnare, gratierea isi produce efectele numai de la data ramanerii definitive a hotararii.
    Art. 14
    (1) In situatia pluralitatii de infractiuni pentru care s-au aplicat pedepse ce au fost contopite, obiectul gratierii colective il constituie pedepsele aplicate pentru fiecare dintre infractiuni, si nu pedeapsa rezultanta.
    (2) In cazurile prevazute la alin. (1), daca pentru unele dintre aceste pedepse este incidenta gratierea, ele vor fi descontopite, iar daca a ramas o singura pedeapsa din pedeapsa rezultanta, care nu este gratiata, va fi inlaturat si sporul eventual aplicat.
    (3) Comutarea se poate face numai intr-o pedeapsa mai usoara, prevazuta de Codul penal, si numai in limitele stabilite de acesta.
    Art. 15
    (1) In cazul initierii legii de gratiere de catre Guvern, sarcina elaborarii proiectului de lege revine Ministerului Justitiei.
    (2) Directia Generala a Penitenciarelor poate face propuneri motivate Ministerului Justitiei in vederea initierii unei legi de gratiere.

    CAP. 4
    Dispozitii comune

    Art. 16
    (1) Gratierea este totala atunci cand priveste pedeapsa principala in integralitatea ei.
    (2) Gratierea partiala poate privi o parte determinata din pedeapsa, o parte calculata prin raportare la pedeapsa in intregul ei, precum si restul pedepsei ramase de executat.
    Art. 17
    Gratierea individuala se acorda neconditionat, iar gratierea colectiva poate fi acordata si conditionat.
    Art. 18
    (1) Aducerea la indeplinire a dispozitiilor legale privind gratierea se face de catre judecatorul delegat, in conformitate cu art. 459 din Codul de procedura penala, si se pune in executare de catre Directia Generala a Penitenciarelor.
    (2) Gratierea se aplica in termen de cel mult 48 de ore de la data publicarii actului de gratiere in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I.
    Art. 19
    Efectele gratierii sunt cele prevazute de Codul penal.
    Art. 20
    Gratierea nu impiedica exercitarea cailor extraordinare de atac de catre condamnat, in conditiile legii, si nu poate constitui temei pentru respingerea acestora.

    CAP. 5
    Dispozitii finale

    Art. 21
    Dispozitiile prezentei legi se aplica numai cererilor de gratiere depuse dupa intrarea ei in vigoare, precum si cererilor de gratiere anterioare, daca aceasta reglementare este mai favorabila.
    Art. 22
    (1) Prezenta lege intra in vigoare in termen de 30 de zile de la data publicarii ei in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I.
    (2) La data intrarii in vigoare a prezentei legi se abroga Decretul nr. 302/1952 privind procedura gratierii, publicat in Buletinul Oficial, Partea I, nr. 46 din 9 septembrie 1952.

    Aceasta lege a fost adoptata de Camera Deputatilor in sedinta din 23 septembrie 2002, cu respectarea prevederilor art. 74 alin. (1) din Constitutia Romaniei.

                    p. PRESEDINTELE CAMEREI DEPUTATILOR,
                              VIOREL HREBENCIUC

    Aceasta lege a fost adoptata de Senat in sedinta din 23 septembrie 2002, cu respectarea prevederilor art. 74 alin. (1) din Constitutia Romaniei.

                        p. PRESEDINTELE SENATUI,
                             DORU IOAN TARACILA



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ANONIM a comentat Legea 243 2021
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ANONIM a comentat Ordin 12 2006
    Mai este in vigoare acest ordin, din moment ce aven Regulamentul (CE) 396:2005, revizuit 2019, referitor la rezidurile de pesticide din alimente, inclusiv din fructe si legume?
ANONIM a comentat Decretul 770 1966
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER. BACK I want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: {dromokpo@gmail.com}that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man. That this great man helped her too. Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and I forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or broken marriage situation and you want your Ex lover, Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife back you reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Decretul 390 2018
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER. BACK I want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: {dromokpo@gmail.com}that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man. That this great man helped her too. Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and I forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or broken marriage situation and you want your Ex lover, Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife back you reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Rectificare 353 2008
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER. BACK I want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: {dromokpo@gmail.com}that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man. That this great man helped her too. Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and I forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or broken marriage situation and you want your Ex lover, Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife back you reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat OUG 114 2021
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ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    I never use to believe in spell casting until i met Lord Zuma a powerful spell caster who helped me to be a happy person again. i reside in USA. After 4 years of Broken marriage, my husband left me with two kids. I felt like my life was about to end and i almost committed suicide, i was emotionally down for a very long time. Thanks to a Great spell caster called Lord Zuma which i met online on one faithful day when I was browsing through the internet, i came across a lot of testimonies about this particular Great spell caster how he has helped so many people. he has helped people to bring back their Ex lover, some testified that he restores womb, cure cancer and other sickness, and so on. I also came across a testimony, it was about a woman called Sandra, she testified about how his spell made her to be pregnant after so many years of bareness and at the end of her testimony she dropped Lord Zuma's email address. After reading all these, i decided to give it a try and i contacted him and explained my problem to him and he assured me that in less than 48 hours, my husband will call me and beg for forgiveness but i thought it will not work. When he had finished casting the spell, the next day my husband called me and he was begging for forgiveness just as Lord Zuma said. This is not brain washing and after the spell has been cast, i realized that my husband love me like never before and the spell caster opened him up to know how much i love him and how much love we need to share. We are even happier now than before. Lord Zuma is really a gifted man and i will not stop publishing him because he is a wonderful man. If you have a problem and you are looking for a real and a genuine spell caster to solve all your problems contact Lord Zuma now on spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com or just visit https://spiritualherbal.blogspot.com and see so many he has helped that are testifying about his good work. He will help you solve all your problems. Once again thank you Lord Zuma for your good deeds. His whatsapp number +1 506 800 1647
ANONIM a comentat Decretul 770 1966
    BEST WAYS TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK AND RESTORED YOUR BROKEN MARRIAGE OR RELATIONSHIP FROM SORROW TO HAPPINESS. Help me thank Dromokpo@gmail.com for helping me get my ex husband back to me and my family. This great powerful spiritual man restored my sorrow to happiness. My husband left me some years ago for another woman and they both planned to get married. I am so surprised he just came back to me one cool afternoon on Saturday June, begging and crying for me to take him back and to forgive him for breaking up our marriage home and forsaking me and the children. Dr Omokpo is a true spiritualist savior . He brought my husband back” if you have any worries or you have any problem in your marriages or relationships you can reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
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