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HOTARARE Nr

HOTARARE   Nr. 568 din  5 iunie 2002

privind iodarea universala a sarii destinate consumului uman, hranei animalelor si utilizarii in industria alimentara

ACT EMIS DE: GUVERNUL ROMANIEI

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 407 din 12 iunie 2002


SmartCity3


    In temeiul prevederilor art. 107 din Constitutia Romaniei,

    Guvernul Romaniei adopta prezenta hotarare.

    CAP. 1
    Dispozitii generale

    Art. 1
    Prezenta hotarare reglementeaza conditiile referitoare la iodarea universala a sarii destinate consumului uman, hranei animalelor si utilizarii in industria alimentara, in scopul prevenirii tulburarilor prin carenta de iod.
    Art. 2
    In sensul prezentei hotarari, termenii si expresiile de mai jos semnifica dupa cum urmeaza:
    a) tulburarile prin deficit de iod sunt starile patologice, manifeste sau fruste, aparute ca rezultat al disfunctiilor tiroidei cauzate printr-un aport insuficient de iod in organism;
    b) prevenirea tulburarilor prin deficit de iod este ansamblul de masuri care au ca scop acoperirea nevoilor de iod ale organismului, consumul de sare iodata universal fiind mijlocul cel mai accesibil pentru realizarea acestui scop;
    c) iodarea universala a sarii reprezinta procesul de introducere a iodului in sare, pentru orice tip de consum: uman, animal, industrie alimentara;
    d) sarea pentru consum alimentar uman este un produs cristalin in a carui compozitie predomina clorura de sodiu (NaCl), obtinut prin extragere din depozitele naturale subterane sau din apa de mare, potrivit Codex Standard pentru sarea destinata consumului alimentar;
    e) sarea iodata este sarea destinata consumului uman, hranei animalelor si utilizarii in industria alimentara, la care s-a adaugat iod, sub forma de iodat sau iodura de potasiu.

    CAP. 2
    Conditii de calitate si de securitate

    Art. 3
    In Romania, in alimentatia oamenilor, hrana animalelor si in industria alimentara se utilizeaza numai sarea iodata.
    Art. 4
    (1) Conditiile de calitate si de securitate pentru sarea utilizata ca suport in vederea obtinerii sarii iodate trebuie sa fie conforme cu SR 13 360/1996. Continutul de NaCl din sarea utilizata pentru iodare nu trebuie sa fie mai mic de 97% .
    (2) Sarea iodata trebuie sa contina 20 +/- 5 mg iod/kg de sare, respectiv 34 +/- 8,5 mg iodat de potasiu/kg de sare sau 26 +/- 6,5 mg iodura de potasiu/kg de sare.
    Art. 5
    Metoda de iodare a sarii, calitatea si securitatea, concentratia de iod, metodele de control aplicate in procesul de iodare si pastrarea pana in momentul consumului/utilizarii a concentratiei de iod stabilite prin prezenta hotarare trebuie sa intruneasca toate conditiile prevazute de reglementarile in vigoare.
    Art. 6
    (1) Procesele de productie - purificare, recristalizare, iodare -, de ambalare si etichetare, precum si activitatile de transport, depozitare, comercializare a sarii trebuie sa se desfasoare cu respectarea stricta a normelor de igiena in vigoare privind siguranta alimentelor, evitandu-se orice risc de contaminare.
    (2) Normele privind siguranta alimentelor se aplica si pentru sarea iodata importata.
    Art. 7
    Pentru sarea iodata se folosesc ambalaje care mentin calitatea sarii si concentratia de iod stabilite, pana la data de durabilitate minimala stabilita de producator.
    Art. 8
    Autoritatile/institutiile cu atributii de control in domeniul sigurantei alimentelor au obligatia sa identifice/determine prezenta iodului/concentratia de iod din sarea iodata.
    Art. 9
    Etichetarea sarii iodate se face in conformitate cu prevederile legale in vigoare. Denumirea sub care se vinde produsul este "Sare iodata".
    Art. 10
    Pe teritoriul Romaniei sunt interzise: importul in vederea comercializarii, precum si productia si comercializarea de sare neiodata pentru utilizarea in alimentatia omului, hrana animalelor si in industria alimentara.

    CAP. 3
    Inspectia si controlul sarii iodate

    Art. 11
    Inspectia si controlul sarii iodate sunt obligatorii si se efectueaza de catre reprezentantii imputerniciti ai Ministerului Sanatatii si Familiei, Ministerului Agriculturii, Alimentatiei si Padurilor si ai Autoritatii Nationale pentru Protectia Consumatorilor, conform atributiilor ce le revin.

    CAP. 4
    Sanctiuni

    Art. 12
    (1) Urmatoarele fapte constituie contraventii:
    a) livrarea de catre producatori sau importatori a sarii iodate pentru consumul uman, hrana animalelor si pentru industria alimentara, cu un continut de iod sub cel stabilit de prezenta hotarare;
    b) utilizarea in industria alimentara a sarii neiodate;
    c) comercializarea de sare iodata cu un continut de iod sub cel stabilit de prezenta hotarare, ca urmare a nerespectarii de catre agentul economic a conditiilor privind transportul, depozitarea si comercializarea stabilite de producator.
    (2) Contraventiile prevazute la alin. (1) lit. a) si b) se sanctioneaza cu amenda de la 100 milioane lei la 150 milioane lei, iar cea prevazuta la alin. (1) lit. c) se sanctioneaza cu amenda de la 50 milioane lei la 150 milioane lei.
    Art. 13
    Savarsirea faptelor prevazute la art. 12 se sanctioneaza, pe langa amenda, si cu suspendarea activitatii agentului economic, potrivit reglementarilor specifice ale autoritatilor prevazute la art. 11.
    Art. 14
    Constatarea contraventiilor si aplicarea sanctiunilor se fac de catre personalul imputernicit al autoritatilor competente prevazute la art. 11.
    Art. 15
    Contraventiilor prevazute la art. 12 le sunt aplicabile dispozitiile Ordonantei Guvernului nr. 2/2001 privind regimul juridic al contraventiilor, aprobata cu modificari prin Legea nr. 180/2002.

    CAP. 5
    Dispozitii finale

    Art. 16
    Ministerul Industriei si Resurselor, Ministerul Sanatatii si Familiei, Ministerul Agriculturii, Alimentatiei si Padurilor, Ministerul Educatiei si Cercetarii si Autoritatea Nationala pentru Protectia Consumatorilor au obligatia de a elabora planurile de masuri pentru aplicarea prezentei hotarari.
    Art. 17
    Prevederile prezentei hotarari se aplica, pentru sarea destinata consumului uman, incepand cu data de 31 decembrie 2002, iar pentru sarea utilizata in industria alimentara si pentru sarea utilizata pentru hrana animalelor, incepand cu data de 31 decembrie 2003, cu exceptia prevederilor art. 16 care se aplica de la data publicarii prezentei hotarari in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I.
    Art. 18
    Pe data de 31 decembrie 2002 se abroga Hotararea Guvernului nr. 779/1995 privind reglementarea consumului de sare iodata, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 233 din 10 octombrie 1995, si lit. c) a pct. 16 din anexa nr. 1a) la Hotararea Guvernului nr. 106/2002 privind etichetarea alimentelor, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 147 din 27 februarie 2002, precum si orice alte prevederi contrare prezentei hotarari.

                  PRIM-MINISTRU
                  ADRIAN NASTASE

                         Contrasemneaza:
                         p. Ministrul sanatatii si familiei,
                         Radu Deac,
                         secretar de stat

                         Ministrul industriei si resurselor,
                         Dan Ioan Popescu

                         Ministrul agriculturii,
                         alimentatiei si padurilor,
                         Ilie Sarbu

                         Ministrul finantelor publice,
                         Mihai Nicolae Tanasescu

                         Autoritatea Nationala pentru
                         Protectia Consumatorilor
                         Rovana Plumb,
                         secretar de stat



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