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DECIZIE Nr

DECIZIE   Nr. VI din 20 noiembrie 2000

ACT EMIS DE: CURTEA SUPREMA DE JUSTITIE - SECTIILE UNITE

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 84 din 19 februarie 2001


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    Sub presedintia presedintelui Curtii Supreme de Justitie, Paul Florea, s-a luat in examinare recursul in interesul legii declarat de procurorul general al Parchetului de pe langa Curtea Suprema de Justitie, cu privire la calitatea persoanelor indreptatite sa beneficieze de masurile reparatorii prevazute de Legea nr. 112/1995.
    Ministerul Public a fost reprezentat de Ion Ionescu, prim-adjunct al procurorului general al Parchetului de pe langa Curtea Suprema de Justitie.
    Prim-adjunctul procurorului general a sustinut recursul in interesul legii, cerand sa se decida in sensul ca dispozitiile Legii nr. 112/1995 referitoare la restituirea in natura a imobilelor trecute in proprietatea statului sau la acordarea de despagubiri pentru acestea sunt aplicabile si in cazul in care fostul proprietar nu a avut calitatea de cetatean roman.

    SECTIILE UNITE,
deliberand asupra recursului in interesul legii, constata urmatoarele:
    In practica instantelor nu exista un punct de vedere unitar cu privire la calitatea persoanelor indreptatite sa beneficieze de masurile reparatorii reglementate prin Legea nr. 112/1995.
    Astfel, unele instante, avand de solutionat plangeri impotriva hotararilor comisiilor de aplicare a prevederilor Legii nr. 112/1995, le-au respins cu motivarea ca mostenitorii proprietarului care nu a avut cetatenia romana la data decesului nu pot beneficia de masurile reparatorii prevazute de aceasta lege chiar daca ei sunt cetateni romani sau au declansat procedura legala in vederea obtinerii cetateniei romane.
    Alte instante, dimpotriva, au admis asemenea plangeri, considerand ca aplicarea dispozitiilor reparatorii ale Legii nr. 112/1995 nu este conditionata de calitatea de cetatean roman a fostului proprietar, ci de calitatea de cetatean roman a celui care formuleaza cererea prevazuta la art. 14 din aceasta lege.
    Aceasta din urma solutie este cea legala.
    In art. 1 din Legea nr. 112/1995 pentru reglementarea situatiei juridice a unor imobile cu destinatia de locuinte, trecute in proprietatea statului, se prevede ca beneficiaza de masurile reparatorii reglementate prin aceasta lege "fostii proprietari - persoane fizice - ai imobilelor cu destinatia de locuinte, trecute ca atare in proprietatea statului sau a altor persoane juridice, dupa 6 martie 1945, cu titlu, si care se aflau in posesia statului sau a altor persoane juridice la data de 22 decembrie 1989", iar potrivit alin. 2 al aceluiasi articol mai beneficiaza de prevederile acestei legi si mostenitorii fostilor proprietari.
    Conditia ca beneficiarii sa aiba cetatenia romana este instituita prin art. 4 din Legea nr. 112/1995, potrivit caruia, de "prevederile prezentei legi beneficiaza cetatenii romani".
    Mai este de relevat ca prin art. 2 din Normele metodologice de aplicare a Legii nr. 112/1995, aprobate prin Hotararea Guvernului nr. 20 din 17 ianuarie 1996 (modificata si completata prin Hotararea Guvernului nr. 11/1997), se precizeaza ca "in sensul dispozitiilor art. 4 din lege, de prevederile acesteia beneficiaza cetatenii romani, atat cei care au domiciliul sau resedinta in tara, cat si cei care isi au domiciliul sau resedinta in strainatate", iar "fostul proprietar sau mostenitorii acestuia trebuie sa aiba cetatenia romana la data formularii cererii sau sa faca dovada declansarii procedurii legale pentru obtinerea cetateniei romane in termenul prevazut la art. 14 din lege".
    Rezulta deci din prevederile Legii nr. 112/1995, coroborate cu reglementarile cuprinse in art. 2 din normele metodologice de aplicare a acestei legi, ca trebuie sa aiba cetatenia romana sau sa faca dovada declansarii procedurii legale pentru obtinerea cetateniei romane numai mostenitorii fostului proprietar si fostul proprietar in viata, care solicita in nume propriu restituirea imobilului.
    Din nici o prevedere a Legii nr. 112/1995 si nici din normele metodologice de aplicare a acestei legi nu reiese insa ca, in cazul revendicarii imobilelor de catre mostenitori, fostul proprietar ar fi trebuit sa aiba cetatenia romana la data decesului.
    De altfel, daca posibilitatea revendicarii imobilului preluat abuziv de stat ar fi conditionata si de apartenenta proprietarului, la data survenirii decesului, la cetatenia romana, s-ar contraveni principiului ocrotirii proprietatii private in mod egal de catre lege, inscris in art. 41 alin. (2) din Constitutie.
    Imprejurarea ca la data decesului fostul proprietar, aparent, nu mai avea un drept propriu asupra imobilului nu ii poate impiedica pe mostenitori sa il revendice dupa ce au facut dovada calitatii lor, deoarece ei sunt indreptatiti sa beneficieze de masurile reparatorii in temeiul legii.

    In consecinta, in temeiul art. 26 lit. b) din Legea Curtii Supreme de Justitie nr. 56/1993, republicata, precum si al art. 329 din Codul de procedura civila, urmeaza a se admite recursul in interesul legii si a se stabili ca dispozitiile Legii nr. 112/1995 referitoare la restituirea in natura a imobilelor trecute in proprietatea statului sau la acordarea de despagubiri pentru acestea sunt aplicabile si in cazul in care fostul proprietar nu a avut calitatea de cetatean roman.

    PENTRU ACESTE MOTIVE
    In numele legii
    DECIDE:

    Admite recursul in interesul legii declarat de procurorul general al Parchetului de pe langa Curtea Suprema de Justitie.
    Stabileste ca dispozitiile Legii nr. 112/1995 referitoare la restituirea in natura a imobilelor trecute in proprietatea statului sau la acordarea de despagubiri pentru acestea sunt aplicabile si in cazul in care fostul proprietar nu a avut calitatea de cetatean roman.
    Obligatorie pentru instante, conform art. 329 alin. 3 teza a II-a din Codul de procedura civila.
    Pronuntata in sedinta publica la data de 20 noiembrie 2000.

             PRESEDINTELE CURTII SUPREME DE JUSTITIE,
                         PAUL FLOREA

                              Prim magistrat asistent,
                              Ioan Raileanu



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ANONIM a comentat Decretul 390 2018
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ANONIM a comentat Rectificare 353 2008
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