Anunţă-mă când se modifică Fişă act Comentarii (0) Trimite unui prieten Tipareste act

DECIZIE Nr

DECIZIE   Nr. 486 din  2 decembrie 1997

referitoare la exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala

ACT EMIS DE: CURTEA CONSTITUTIONALA

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 105 din  6 martie 1998


SmartCity3


    Ioan Muraru            - presedinte
    Costica Bulai          - judecator
    Viorel Mihai Ciobanu   - judecator
    Mihai Constantinescu   - judecator
    Nicolae Popa           - judecator
    Lucian Stangu          - judecator
    Florin Bucur Vasilescu - judecator
    Romul Petru Vonica     - judecator
    Victor Dan Zlatescu    - judecator
    Ioan Griga             - procuror
    Doina Suliman          - magistrat-asistent

    Pe rol, pronuntarea asupra exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala, invocata de Rusti Ioan in Dosarul nr. 3.298/1997 al Judecatoriei Sectorului 3 Bucuresti.
    Dezbaterile au avut loc in sedinta publica din data de 13 noiembrie 1997 si au fost consemnate in incheierea din aceeasi data, cand, avand nevoie de timp pentru a delibera, Curtea a amanat pronuntarea pentru data de 25 noiembrie 1997 si apoi pentru data de 2 decembrie 1997.

    CURTEA,
avand in vedere actele si lucrarile dosarului, constata urmatoarele:
    Judecatoria Sectorului 3 Bucuresti, prin Incheierea din 24 aprilie 1997, pronuntata in Dosarul nr. 3.298/1997, a sesizat Curtea Constitutionala cu exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala, invocata de Rusti Ioan.
    In motivarea exceptiei se sustine ca dispozitiile art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala contravin art. 21 din Constitutie, care garanteaza accesul liber la justitie, deoarece nu exista cale de atac impotriva ordonantei procurorului de scoatere de sub urmarirea penala.
    Exprimandu-si opinia in conformitate cu dispozitiile art. 23 alin. (4) din Legea nr. 47/1992, republicata, instanta subliniaza ca principiul liberului acces la justitie nu este contrazis de institutia plangerii impotriva masurilor si actelor de urmarire penala, in general, deci nici de aceea a plangerii contra actelor procurorului, in speta, a plangerii impotriva ordonantei de scoatere de sub urmarire penala, adresata procurorului ierarhic superior. Textul art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala, care reglementeaza o cale de atac specifica impotriva actelor procurorului, nu este neconstitutional, el nu interzice accesul liber la justitie in terminis.
    In acelasi timp, in opinia instantei, se arata ca, de lege ferenda, ar fi necesara introducerea unui text prin care sa se dea posibilitatea partii nemultumite de solutia procurorului ierarhic superior, data plangerii sale, sa o atace la instanta competenta sa solutioneze fondul cauzei. Aceasta solutie ar fi conforma prevederilor art. 125 din Constitutie, care consacra principiul infaptuirii justitiei de catre instantele judecatoresti, precum si principiilor consacrate in conventii internationale privitoare la drepturile omului, la care Romania este parte si care, potrivit art. 11 alin. (2) din legea fundamentala, fac parte din dreptul intern. O astfel de modificare a Codului de procedura penala ar corespunde principiului separatiei puterilor.
    In vederea solutionarii exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate, conform art. 24 alin. (1) al Legii nr. 47/1992, republicata, s-au solicitat puncte de vedere presedintilor celor doua Camere ale Parlamentului si Guvernului.
    In punctul de vedere primit de la Comisia juridica, de numiri, disciplina, imunitati si validari a Senatului se arata ca textul art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala este constitutional, exceptia ridicata in fata instantei de judecata fiind nefondata.
    Guvernul, in punctul sau de vedere, arata ca, din analiza prevederilor art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala, raportate la art. 21 din Constitutie, rezulta ca acestea sunt incomplete, dar nu sunt neconstitutionale.
    Presedintele Camerei Deputatilor nu a comunicat punctul sau de vedere.

    CURTEA,
examinand incheierea de sesizare, punctul de vedere al Comisiei juridice, de numiri, disciplina, imunitati si validari a Senatului, punctul de vedere al Guvernului, raportul intocmit de judecatorul-raportor, sustinerile autorului exceptiei, concluziile procurorului, dispozitiile art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala, raportate la prevederile Constitutiei si ale Legii nr. 47/1992, republicata, constata urmatoarele:
    In temeiul art. 144 lit. c) din Constitutie si al art. 23 din Legea nr. 47/1992, republicata, Curtea este competenta sa solutioneze exceptia de neconstitutionalitate cu care a fost legal sesizata.
    Potrivit dispozitiilor art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala, plangerea impotriva masurilor luate sau actelor efectuate de procuror se rezolva de prim-procurorul Parchetului, iar atunci cand masurile sau actele sunt ale acestuia, plangerea se rezolva de procurorul ierarhic superior. Impotriva solutiei date plangerii, de catre prim-procurorul sau de procurorul ierarhic superior, legea nu prevede nici o cale de atac. Or, fiind vorba de acte si masuri luate de procuror in cursul procesului penal, acestea trebuie sa fie supuse nu numai controlului ierarhic, in cadrul Ministerului Public, dar si controlului din partea instantelor judecatoresti. De aceea, persoana nemultumita de solutia data plangerii sale in cadrul Ministerului Public are dreptul, potrivit art. 21 din Constitutie, de a se adresa justitiei, pentru apararea drepturilor, a libertatilor si a intereselor sale legitime, iar dispozitia alin. (2) al aceluiasi articol din legea fundamentala precizeaza ca: "Nici o lege nu poate ingradi exercitarea acestui drept". Asa fiind, dispozitiile art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala sunt neconstitutionale in masura in care inchid calea persoanei, nemultumite de solutia data plangerii sale de catre Ministerul Public, de a se adresa justitiei.
    Acest drept al persoanei este evident in cazul actelor prin care procurorul pune capat conflictului de drept penal, real sau aparent, cum sunt rezolutia de neincepere a urmaririi penale, art. 228 alin. 6 din Codul de procedura penala, scoaterea de sub urmarire penala sau incetarea urmaririi penale, art. 11 pct. 1 lit. b) si c) din Codul de procedura penala. Fiind vorba de acte prin care se infaptuieste justitia, este firesc ca acestea sa fie verificate si confirmate ori infirmate de instantele judecatoresti, singurele autoritati prin a caror activitate se realizeaza justitia [art. 125 alin. (1) din Constitutie].
    Desigur, ar fi necesar o interventie a legiuitorului, prin care sa se reglementeze dreptul persoanei de a se adresa instantei de judecata competente, atunci cand este nemultumita de solutia data plangerii sale contra actelor procurorului.

    Pentru considerentele expuse, in temeiul art. 144 lit. c) din Constitutie, precum si al art. 3, al art. 13 alin. (1) lit. A.c) si al art. 23 din Legea nr. 47/1992, republicata,

    CURTEA
    In numele legii
    DECIDE:

    Admite exceptia de neconstitutionalitate invocata de Rusti Ioan in Dosarul nr. 3.298/1997 al Judecatoriei Sectorului 3 Bucuresti si constata ca art. 278 din Codul de procedura penala este constitutional numai in masura in care nu opreste persoana nemultumita de solutionarea plangerii impotriva masurilor sau actelor efectuate de procuror ori efectuate pe baza dispozitiilor date de acesta si care nu ajung in fata instantelor judecatoresti sa se adreseze justitiei in temeiul art. 21 din Constitutie, ce urmeaza sa se aplice in mod direct.
    Definitiva si obligatorie.
    Pronuntata in sedinta publica din 2 decembrie 1997.

           PRESEDINTELE CURTII CONSTITUTIONALE,
               prof. univ. dr. IOAN MURARU

                                    Magistrat asistent,
                                    Doina Suliman



SmartCity5

COMENTARII la Decizia 486/1997

Momentan nu exista niciun comentariu la Decizia 486 din 1997
Comentarii la alte acte
ANONIM a comentat Legea 166 2014
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER BACK MY TRUE LIFE STORY HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER BACK.I  want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband  treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: dromokpo@gmail.com that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man.Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and i forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or  broken marriage situation  and you want your Ex lover,  Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife you can reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com 
ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK NOW OR GET YOUR BROKEN RELATIONSHIP, MARRIAGE RESTORED. I’m just upset that I have been in pain and crying for so long and many times. Thank you dromokpo@gmail.com I wished I would have found you earlier, you would have saved me from a lot of pain for the past five years my ex lover left me for another woman in just 2 days i contacted you Dr Omokpo you brought my broken relationship back I spent a small fortune enough to take my dream trip to South Carolina but what’s the point in taking a dream trip without the love of my life. Dr Omokpo has given me hope and his honesty is a breath of fresh air, I feel so good and heavy happiness in my heart to get my ex lover back. Who I thought he was gone forever. We are married now as I share my testimony with you. If you have broken relationship or broken marriage or you want to get your ex lover back kindly contact: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Decretul 1134 2016
    My Dear friends online, My name is Annisa Agung, And I live in Illinois USA, I have to give this miraculous testimony which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 2 years ago, which led to our break up. I was not myself again, I felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worse, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in the same problem too. His name is Doctor OGEDEGBE. I whatsapp the spell caster and I told him my problem and I did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before I knew what was happening, less than two days ago my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me. I was so happy to have him back. The most interesting part of the story is that I am pregnant. Thanks to Doctor OGEDEGBE  for saving my marriage and for also saving others' marriage too. Continue your good work, If you are interested to contact the great spell caster email address: dr.ogedegbe6@gmail.com or contact him on whatsapp +2348109374702
ANONIM a comentat Legea 141 2018
    Aveți nevoie de un împrumut rapid și urgent cu o dobândă relativ scăzută, de până la 3%? Oferim împrumuturi pentru afaceri, împrumuturi personale, împrumuturi pentru locuințe, împrumuturi auto, împrumuturi pentru studenți, împrumuturi de consolidare a datoriilor etc. indiferent de scorul dvs. de credit. Avem garanția că oferim servicii financiare numeroșilor noștri clienți din întreaga lume. Cu pachetele noastre flexibile de creditare, împrumuturile pot fi procesate și transferate împrumutatului în cel mai scurt timp posibil, contactați-ne prin e-mail:(midland.credit2@gmail.com) și asistați la o experiență financiară care vă va schimba viața.
ANONIM a comentat Legea 243 2021
    I'm Rowe Lyndia from USA, i had a nice family; i was married for 11 years to my husband and all of a sudden, another woman came into the picture, the man that used to love me before started picking quarrels with me he was so abusive that when i try to tell him the truth about how i feel and what he is doing is not right for the family, he gets very angry and hits me with any thing he sees around him. but i still loved him with all my heart despite all he has done to me and i wanted him back at all cost. Then he filed for a divorce, my whole life was tearing apart and I didn't know what to do ...... he moved out of the house and abandoned me and the kids. So a very close friend of mine told me about trying a love spell to get my husband back. She also uses Priest Uduebor love spell to get back her divorce husband and told me they are very much happy with their relationship. So she introduced me to the spell caster, at first i was surprised and scared so i decided to give it a try reluctantly.......although i didn't believe in all those things, then when he did the special spells, i was so surprised, after four days my husband came back and was pleading for my forgiveness, he had realized his mistakes, i just couldn't believe it, anyway we are back together now and we are now one big happy family we use to be. I want to tell everyone who is looking for any solution to his or her problem, I advise you to kindly consult this spell caster, he is real, he is powerful and whatever the spell caster tells is what will happen, because all that the spell caster told me came to pass. You can kindly contact him on: his For an immediate response please contact me by. Email ifagbemileke236@gmail.com WhatsApp number (+2349030638317). He also cures all kinds of sickness and such as 1 LOVE SPELL 2 WIN EX BACK 3 FRUIT OF THE WOMB 4 PROMOTION SPELL 5 PROTECTION SPELL 6 BUSINESS SPELL 7 GOOD JOB SPELL 8 HIV AIDS 9 LOTTERY SPELL and COURT CASE SPELL. 10 CANCER 11 STROKE 12 Erectile Dysfunction
ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
    Hello everyone, my name is Elisa Keily I am so overwhelmed with joy all thanks to Dr Raypower spell. my husband left me for another woman few years back and I was very devastated cause I never did anything wrong to him, I was left with my two kid and a job that pays little.i was almost giving up until I saw a testimony online about Dr Raypower and I decided to contact him.i explained my problem to him and he assured me I'll see a positive result after 24hurs, surprisingly my husband came back the day after the spell begging me to forgive him and promised to never leave. My husband has been back for 6 months now and we've never had any issues, am glad I didn't doubt Dr Raypower cause he sure can solve any problems with fast relief you can also contact him for help now Email: Urgentspellcast@gmail.com or Urgentspellcast@yahoo.com Website: https://urgentspellcast.wordpress.com/  WhatsApp: +14243308109
ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
     I want to use this opportunity to thank Dr Ilekhojie who help me to win a large sum. I have been playing the lottery for the past 5 years now and i have never won. Ever since then i have not been able to win and i was so upset and i needed help to win the lottery. so i decided to go online and search for help, there i saw so many good testimony about this man called Great Dr Ilekhojie of how he have cast lucky spell lotto for people to win the lottery. I contacted him also and tell him i want to win a lottery, he cast a spell for me which i use and i play and won a large amount in dollars. I am so grateful to this man. Just in-case you also need him to help you win, you can contact him through his email: gethelp05@gmail.com and send him a direct message on +2348147400259
ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
    Hello everyone, I want to let the whole world know how Dr. Wale has restored my broken relationship with Wayne. We have been together for 3 years and he told me that he doesn’t love me like he used to. Things have not been good for about 4 months and he ended this about 2 weeks ago. I was miserable and just didn't want to go on anymore. I did text him right after this but he didn’t even respond to me. One day I was searching for a way to get him back on the Internet when I saw a post of a lady testifying of how a love spell caster called Dr. Wale helped her to get back her ex, I was so desperate to get mine back so I messaged him and explained my situation to him and he instructed me to do somethings which I did and 24 hours later my boyfriend Wayne came back kneeling and begging for my forgiveness and I forgive him and our relationship was back to normal again, if your Ex broke up with you or you have any problem then you problem has come to an end because Dr. Wale can solve all marriage and relationship problems. If you need his urgent help WhatsApp/Text him: +1(978) 406-9575 or Email: everlastingspellcast@gmail.com or view his website: https://everlastingspellcaster.website2.me/contact
ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK.VIA: dromokpo@gmail.com This is my testimony of life that I will tell everyone. I have been married for 25 years Another woman had a spell to get me away from my lover, My husband left me and the children and we suffered for 2 years until I saw post about where this man Dr Omokpo has helped so many people recover their broken marriages and relationships   to get their ex lovers back. I decided to send him a message about my broken marriage and family  about how my husband left me and  for him to help me bring back my loving husband home, This great man told me what to do and I followed him as he instructed. After 48 hours, as he told me, I saw a car enter the compound. I was shocked when I saw my husband. As I share my testimony with you my husband came back to me and the kids and that's why I'm happy to put all of you to meet this man for solutions to your problem and bring your lover back to you and mend your broken marriage or your relationship restored back to happiness as you wished. Contact this great man via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK.VIA: dromokpo@gmail.com This is my testimony of life that I will tell everyone. I have been married for 25 years Another woman had a spell to get me away from my lover, My husband left me and the children and we suffered for 2 years until I saw post about where this man Dr Omokpo has helped so many people recover their broken marriages and relationships   to get their ex lovers back. I decided to send him a message about my broken marriage and family  about how my husband left me and  for him to help me bring back my loving husband home, This great man told me what to do and I followed him as he instructed. After 48 hours, as he told me, I saw a car enter the compound. I was shocked when I saw my husband. As I share my testimony with you my husband came back to me and the kids and that's why I'm happy to put all of you to meet this man for solutions to your problem and bring your lover back to you and mend your broken marriage or your relationship restored back to happiness as you wished. Contact this great man via: dromokpo@gmail.com
Alte acte pe aceeaşi temă cu Decizia 486/1997
Coduri postale Prefixe si Coduri postale din Romania Magazin si service calculatoare Sibiu