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LEGE Nr

LEGE   Nr. 11 din 29 ianuarie 1991

privind combaterea concurentei neloiale

ACT EMIS DE: PARLAMENT

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 24 din 30 ianuarie 1991


SmartCity3


    Parlamentul Romaniei adopta prezenta lege.

    Art. 1
    Comerciantii sint obligati sa-si exercite activitatea cu buna-credinta si potrivit uzantelor cinstite.
    Art. 2
    Constituie concurenta neloiala, in sensul prezentei legi, orice act sau fapt contrar uzantelor cinstite in activitatea comerciala sau industriala.
    Art. 3
    Incalcarea obligatiei prevazute la art. 1 atrage raspundere civila, contraventionala ori penala, in conditiile prezentei legi.
    Art. 4
    Constituie contraventii urmatoarele fapte, daca nu sint savirsite in astfel de conditii incit sa fie considerate, potrivit legii penale, infractiuni:
    a) incalcarea de catre persoanele fizice a interdictiilor prevazute la art. 36 din Legea 15/1990 privind reorganizarea unitatilor economice de stat ca regii autonome si a societati comerciale;
    b) oferirea serviciilor de catre salariatul exclusiv al unui comerciant unui concurent ori acceptarea unei asemenea oferte;
    c) dezvaluirea de catre salariatul unui comerciant a unor date secrete privind activitatea acestuia, catre un concurent;
    d) incheierea de contracte prin care un comerciant asigura predarea unei marfi sau executarea unor prestatii in mod avantajos, cu conditia aducerii de catre client a altor cumparatori, cu care comerciantul ar urma sa incheie contracte asemanatoare;
    e) incheierea de contracte prin care cumparatorul ar urma sa primeasca un premiu, care depinde exclusiv de o tragere la sorti sau de hazard;
    f) comunicarea sau raspindirea in public de catre un comerciant de afirmatii asupra intreprinderii sale sau activitatii acesteia, menite sa induca in eroare si sa-i creeze o situatie de favoare in dauna unor concurenti;
    g) comunicarea sau raspindirea, de catre un comerciant, de afirmatii mincinoase asupra unui concurent sau marfurilor sale, afirmatii de natura sa dauneze bunul mers al intreprinderii.
    Comunicarea facuta confidential este socotita un act de concurenta neloiala numai cind autorul comunicarii stia ca faptele nu corespund adevarului;
    h) oferirea, promiterea sau acordarea - mijlocit sau nemijlocit - de daruri ori alte avantaje salariatului unui comerciant sau reprezentantilor acestuia, pentru ca prin purtare neloiala sa poata afla procedeele sale industriale, pentru a cunoaste sau a folosi clientela sa, ori pentru a obtine alt folos pentru sine ori pentru alta persoana in dauna unui concurent;
    i) deturnarea clientelei unui comerciant prin folosirea legaturilor stabilite cu aceasta clientela in cadrul functiei detinute anterior la acel comerciant;
    j) concedierea unor salariati ai unui comerciant, in scopul infiintarii unei societati concurente care sa capteze clientii acelui comerciant sau angajarea salariatilor unui comerciant in scopul dezorganizarii activitatii sale.
    Contraventiile de la lit. a) se sanctioneaza cu amenda de la 5.000 lei la 20.000 lei, cele de la lit. b) - e) cu amenda de la 10.000 lei la 40.000 lei, iar cele de la lit. f) - j) cu amenda de la 20.000 lei la 60.000 lei.
    Sanctiunea poate fi aplicata si persoanelor juridice.
    Contraventiile se constata, la sesizarea partii vatamate, de catre salariati anume imputerniciti de camerele de comert si industrie teritoriale sau de Inspectia comerciala de stat. Agentii constatatori aplica o data cu constatarea contraventiei si amenda.
    Contraventiilor prevazute la alin. 1 li se aplica dispozitiile Legii nr. 32/ 1968 privind stabilirea si sanctionarea contraventiilor.
    Art. 5
    Constituie infractiune de concurenta neloiala si se pedepseste cu inchisoare de la o luna la doi ani sau cu amenda de la 20.000 lei la 100.000 lei:
    a) intrebuintarea unei firme, unei embleme, unor desemnari speciale sau a unor ambalaje de natura a produce confuzie cu cele folosite legitim de alt comerciant;
    b) producerea in orice mod, importul, exportul, depozitarea, punerea in vinzare sau vinzarea unor marfuri purtind mentiuni false privind brevetele de inventii, originea si caracteristicile marfurilor, precum si cu privire la numele producatorului sau comerciantului, in scopul de a induce in eroare pe ceilalti comercianti si pe beneficiari.
    Pentru mentiuni false asupra originii marfurilor se inteleg orice indicatii de natura a face sa se creada ca marfurile au fost produse intr-o anumita localitate, intr-un anumit teritoriu sau intr-un anumit stat.
    Nu se socoteste mentiune falsa asupra originii marfurilor denumirea unui produs al carui nume a devenit generic si indica in comert numai natura lui, afara de cazul cind denumirea este insotita de o mentiune care ar putea face sa se creada ca are acea origine.
    Art. 6
    Comerciantul care savirseste un act de concurenta neloiala va fi obligat sa inceteze sau sa inlature actul si, dupa caz, sa plateasca despagubiri pentru daunele pricinuite.
    Art. 7
    Actiunile izvorind dintr-un act de concurenta neloiala sint de competenta tribunalului locului savirsirii faptei sau in a carui raza teritoriala se gaseste sediul piritului sau inculpatului; in lipsa unui sediu este competent tribunalul domiciliului piritului sau inculpatului.
    Art. 8
    Actiunea penala, in cazurile prevazute de art. 5, se pune in miscare la plingerea partii vatamate ori la sesizarea camerei de comert si industrie teritoriale sau a altei organizatii profesionale.
    Art. 9
    Daca vreuna dintre faptele prevazute de art. 4 sau 5 cauzeaza daune patrimoniale sau morale, cel prejudiciat este in drept sa se adreseze instantei competente cu actiune in raspundere civila corespunzatoare.
    Daca fapta prevazuta de aceasta lege a fost savirsita de un salariat in cursul exercitarii atributiilor sale de serviciu, comerciantul va raspunde solidar cu salariatul pentru pagubele pricinuite, afara de cazul in care va putea dovedi ca, potrivit uzantelor, nu era in masura sa previna comiterea faptei.
    Persoanele care au creat impreuna prejudiciul raspund solidar pentru actele sau faptele de concurenta neloiala savirsite.
    Pentru luarea unei masuri ce nu sufera aminare se pot aplica dispozitiile art. 581 si art. 582 din Codul de procedura civila.
    Art. 10
    Prin hotarirea data asupra fondului, instanta poate dispune ca marfurile sechestrate sa fie vindute, dupa distrugerea falselor mentiuni.
    Din suma obtinuta in urma vinzarii se vor acoperi mai intii despagubirile acordate.
    Art. 11
    O data cu condamnarea ori obligarea la incetarea faptei ilicite sau repararea daunei, instanta poate obliga la publicarea hotaririi, in presa, pe cheltuiala faptuitorului.
    Art. 12
    Dreptul la actiune prevazut de art. 9 se prescrie in termen de un an de la data la care pagubitul a cunoscut sau ar fi trebuit sa cunoasca dauna si pe cel care a cauzat-o, dar nu mai tirziu de 3 ani de la data savirsirii faptei.
    Art. 13
    Dispozitiile prezentei legi se completeaza cu prevederile Codului de procedura civila sau, dupa caz, ale Codului de procedura penala.
    Art. 14
    Dispozitiile prezentei legi se aplica si persoanelor fizice sau juridice straine care savirsesc acte de concurenta neloiala pe teritoriul Romaniei.
    Art. 15
    Prezenta lege intra in vigoare la data publicarii ei in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei.

    Aceasta lege a fost adoptata de Senat in sedinta din 23 ianuarie 1991.

                    PRESEDINTELE SENATUI
               academician ALEXANDRU BIRLADEANU

    Aceasta lege a fost adoptata de Adunarea Deputatilor in sedinta din 28 ianuarie 1991.

               PRESEDINTELE ADUNARII DEPUTATILOR
                         MARTIAN DAN

    In temeiul art. 82 lit. m) din Decretul-lege nr. 92/1990 pentru alegerea parlamentului si a Presedintelui Romaniei,
    promulgam legea privind combaterea concurentei neloiale si dispunem publicarea sa in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei.

                    PRESEDINTELE ROMANIEI
                         ION ILIESCU




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COMENTARII la Legea 11/1991

Momentan nu exista niciun comentariu la Legea 11 din 1991
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ANONIM a comentat Legea 243 2021
    Hello everyone, I want to use this medium to thank a great spell caster called Dr Grceondu for transforming my life financially, i have been playing lottery game for long but have never won any reasonable amount, I contacted Dr Graceondu after i red about him on the internet on how he help a lady with a lottery winning numbers and the lady won a very big amount of money, so i contacted him and He instructed me on what to do which i did and he told me to give him some time to prayers, on the second day he sent me some numbers and he said i should go and play them, so i went to play the numbers he gave me, after two day the result came out, and i went to check and to my greatest surprise my name came out as one of the winners i won $45 million, i still cant believe what happened to me that i am now a millionaire over night, i just want to say a very big thank you to Dr Graceondu i have never seen a powerful man like him, I will advice everyone out there to contact Dr Graceondu if you want to win big in your lottery game. You can reach him via his email, drgraceondu12@gmail.com or WhatsApp him +15204677763, you can also visit his Website. https://drgraceonduadodo.com
ANONIM a comentat Decretul 1231 2021
    i will never stop until the whole World knows about the MOST powerful priest maurice whose contact details I saw in a comment section here few weeks ago, so and i decided to contact him because i was badly in need of help TO SAVE MY MARRIAGE, I explained my situation to PRIEST MURICE. that Everything was going down the drain as my husband WAS constantly cheating on me with other women and he physically abuse me. priest maurice promised to help that my husband will change and will love me unconditionally in less than a week as far that my heart still beats for him. I FOLLOWED HIS INSTRUTION and he prepared a spell for me and my husband called me exactly when priest maurice said. He pleaded and said he needs me back since then he have been the sweetest man on earth. anyone out there reading this comment that need a effect spell caster Can reach him on email:psychicspellsolution@gmail.coM whatsapp:+1(571)3573337
ANONIM a comentat Ordin 12 2006
    Mai este in vigoare acest ordin, din moment ce aven Regulamentul (CE) 396:2005, revizuit 2019, referitor la rezidurile de pesticide din alimente, inclusiv din fructe si legume?
ANONIM a comentat Decretul 770 1966
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER. BACK I want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: {dromokpo@gmail.com}that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man. That this great man helped her too. Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and I forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or broken marriage situation and you want your Ex lover, Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife back you reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Decretul 390 2018
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER. BACK I want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: {dromokpo@gmail.com}that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man. That this great man helped her too. Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and I forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or broken marriage situation and you want your Ex lover, Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife back you reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Rectificare 353 2008
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER. BACK I want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: {dromokpo@gmail.com}that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man. That this great man helped her too. Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and I forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or broken marriage situation and you want your Ex lover, Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife back you reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat OUG 114 2021
    Într-un cuvânt, wow!! Nu pot să cred că banii sunt deja în contul meu. Multumesc, multumesc, multumesc! De obicei, ați transformat o sarcină lungă, consumatoare de timp și intimidantă într-o experiență foarte plăcută și simplificată. Nu pot să vă mulțumesc vouă și doamnei Della Taylor pentru suficientă asistentă. Dna Della Taylor Împrumuturi pentru un sistem excelent și pentru un serviciu excelent. Ambele sunt grozave! dacă aveți nevoie de un împrumut de urgență, îi puteți e-mail la Dellastaylors@yahoo.com WhatsApp pe +1 (209) 251-1529
ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    I never use to believe in spell casting until i met Lord Zuma a powerful spell caster who helped me to be a happy person again. i reside in USA. After 4 years of Broken marriage, my husband left me with two kids. I felt like my life was about to end and i almost committed suicide, i was emotionally down for a very long time. Thanks to a Great spell caster called Lord Zuma which i met online on one faithful day when I was browsing through the internet, i came across a lot of testimonies about this particular Great spell caster how he has helped so many people. he has helped people to bring back their Ex lover, some testified that he restores womb, cure cancer and other sickness, and so on. I also came across a testimony, it was about a woman called Sandra, she testified about how his spell made her to be pregnant after so many years of bareness and at the end of her testimony she dropped Lord Zuma's email address. After reading all these, i decided to give it a try and i contacted him and explained my problem to him and he assured me that in less than 48 hours, my husband will call me and beg for forgiveness but i thought it will not work. When he had finished casting the spell, the next day my husband called me and he was begging for forgiveness just as Lord Zuma said. This is not brain washing and after the spell has been cast, i realized that my husband love me like never before and the spell caster opened him up to know how much i love him and how much love we need to share. We are even happier now than before. Lord Zuma is really a gifted man and i will not stop publishing him because he is a wonderful man. If you have a problem and you are looking for a real and a genuine spell caster to solve all your problems contact Lord Zuma now on spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com or just visit https://spiritualherbal.blogspot.com and see so many he has helped that are testifying about his good work. He will help you solve all your problems. Once again thank you Lord Zuma for your good deeds. His whatsapp number +1 506 800 1647
ANONIM a comentat Decretul 770 1966
    BEST WAYS TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK AND RESTORED YOUR BROKEN MARRIAGE OR RELATIONSHIP FROM SORROW TO HAPPINESS. Help me thank Dromokpo@gmail.com for helping me get my ex husband back to me and my family. This great powerful spiritual man restored my sorrow to happiness. My husband left me some years ago for another woman and they both planned to get married. I am so surprised he just came back to me one cool afternoon on Saturday June, begging and crying for me to take him back and to forgive him for breaking up our marriage home and forsaking me and the children. Dr Omokpo is a true spiritualist savior . He brought my husband back” if you have any worries or you have any problem in your marriages or relationships you can reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
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