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DECIZIE Nr

DECIZIE   Nr. 778 din 12 mai 2009

referitoare la exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. I pct. 4 din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 34/2001 pentru modificarea si completarea Legii nr. 146/1997 privind taxele judiciare de timbru

ACT EMIS DE: CURTEA CONSTITUTIONALA

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 465 din 6 iulie 2009



Ioan Vida                           - preşedinte

Nicolae Cochinescu          -judecător

Aspazia Cojocaru              -judecător

Acsinte Gaspar                 -judecător

Petre Lăzăroiu                   -judecător

Ion Predescu                     -judecător

Tudorel Toader                  -judecător

Puskas Valentin Zoltan     -judecător

Augustin Zegrean              -judecător

Antonia Constantin            - procuror

Fabian Niculae                  - magistrat-asistent

Pe rol se află soluţionarea excepţiei de neconstituţionalitate a dispoziţiilor art. I pct. 4 din Ordonanţa Guvernului nr. 34/2001 pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 146/1997 privind taxele judiciare de timbru, excepţie ridicată de Emil Havriliuc în Dosarul nr. 6.780/314/2008 al Judecătoriei Suceava.

La apelul nominal se constată lipsa părţilor, faţă de care procedura de citare a fost legal îndeplinită.

Magistratul-asistent referă asupra faptului că autorul excepţiei a depus la dosar o cerere prin care solicită acordarea unui nou termen de judecată în vederea angajării unui avocat. Curtea pune în discuţie această cerere. Reprezentantul Ministerului Public pune concluzii de respingere a cererii. Curtea respinge cererea de amânare.

Cauza este în stare de judecată.

Reprezentantul Ministerului Public pune concluzii de admitere a excepţiei de neconstituţionalitate.

CURTEA,

având în vedere actele şi lucrările dosarului, reţine următoarele:

Prin Incheierea din 17 februarie 2009, pronunţată în Dosarul nr. 6.780/314/2008, Judecătoria Suceava a sesizat Curtea Constituţională cu excepţia de neconstituţionalitate a prevederilor art. I pct. 4 din Ordonanţa Guvernului nr. 34/2001 pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 146/1997 privind taxele judiciare de timbru.

Excepţia a fost ridicată de Emil Havriliuc, reclamant în dosarul menţionat.

In motivarea excepţiei de neconstituţionalitate se susţine că dispoziţiile legale atacate contravin prevederilor art. 1 alin. (3) din Constituţia României, deoarece instituie o taxă judiciară de timbru disproporţionată pentru acţiunile având ca obiect daune morale.

Instanţa de judecată opinează că excepţia de neconstituţionalitate este neîntemeiată.

Potrivit prevederilor art. 30 alin. (1) din Legea nr. 47/1992, încheierea de sesizare a fost comunicată preşedinţilor celor două Camere ale Parlamentului, Guvernului şi Avocatului Poporului, pentru a-şi exprima punctele de vedere asupra excepţiei de neconstituţionalitate.

Avocatul Poporului consideră că dispoziţiile art. I pct. 4 din Ordonanţa Guvernului nr. 34/2001 pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 146/1997 privind taxele judiciare de timbru sunt constituţionale.

Preşedinţii celor două Camere ale Parlamentului şi Guvernul nu au comunicat punctele lor de vedere asupra excepţiei de neconstituţionalitate.

CURTEA,

examinând încheierea de sesizare, punctul de vedere al Avocatului Poporului, raportul întocmit de judecătorul-raportor, concluziile procurorului, dispoziţiile de lege criticate, raportate la prevederile Constituţiei, precum şi Legea nr. 47/1992, reţine următoarele:

Curtea Constituţională a fost legal sesizată şi este competentă, potrivit dispoziţiilor art. 146 lit. d) din Constituţie, ale art. 1 alin. (2), ale art. 2, 3, 10 şi 29 din Legea nr. 47/1992, să soluţioneze excepţia de neconstituţionalitate.

Obiectul excepţiei de neconstituţionalitate îl constituie dispoziţiile art. I pct. 4 din Ordonanţa Guvernului nr. 34/2001 pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 146/1997 privind taxele judiciare de timbru, publicată în Monitorul Oficial al României, Partea I, nr. 511 din 28 august 2001, dispoziţii prin care s-a abrogat art. 15 lit. f1) din Legea nr. 146/1997.

Examinând excepţia de neconstituţionalitate, Curtea constată că aceasta este întemeiată şi urmează să fie admisă, pentru considerentele ce se vor expune în cele ce urmează:

Reglementând răspunderea civilă pentru prejudiciile cauzate prin fapte ilicite, Codul civil român nu se referă expres şi la existenţa unei forme de răspundere patrimonială pentru daunele morale. O asemenea formă de răspundere juridică a fost admisă pe cale jurisprudenţială, cu deosebire începând cu anul 1990.

Legislativ, existenţa răspunderii patrimoniale pentru daune morale a fost recunoscută implicit prin art. 15 lit. f1) din Legea nr. 146/1997 privind taxele judiciare de timbru, text introdus în lege prin Ordonanţa Guvernului nr. 11 din 29 ianuarie 1998, aprobată prin Legea nr. 112/1998, în care se prevedea scutirea de taxa judiciară de timbru a acţiunilor şi cererilor, inclusiv cele pentru exercitarea căilor de atac, referitoare la „stabilirea şi acordarea de despăgubiri pentru daunele morale aduse onoarei, demnităţii sau reputaţiei unei persoane fizice". Reglementarea reprezenta un mod specific de apărare juridică a menţionatelor atribute ale personalităţii umane - caracterizate în art. 1 alin. (3) din Constituţia României ca fiind valori supreme în statul de drept. In felul acesta se asigura accesul la justiţie, necondiţionat de plata unei taxe de timbru, persoanelor vătămate prin proferarea de expresii insultătoare, calomnii ori denigrări săvârşite pe orice cale, direct sau prin mijloacele de comunicare în masă.

Luând în considerare aceste raţiuni ale art. 1 alin. (3) din Constituţia României care au justificat scutirea de taxe judiciare de timbru a acţiunilor având ca obiect stabilirea şi acordarea de despăgubiri pentru daunele morale aduse onoarei, demnităţii sau reputaţiei unei persoane fizice, Curtea Constituţională constată că abrogarea art. 15 lit. f1) din Legea nr. 146/1997 privind taxele judiciare de timbru contravine prevederilor art. 1 alin. (3) şi ale art. 21 alin. (1) şi (2) din Constituţia României, precum şi ale art. 6 din Convenţia pentru apărarea drepturilor omului şi a libertăţilor fundamentale.

Pentru considerentele expuse mai sus, în temeiul art. 146 lit. d) şi al art. 147 alin. (4) din Constituţie, precum şi al art. 1-3, al art. 11 alin. (1) lit. A.d) şi al art. 29 din Legea nr. 47/1992,

CURTEA  CONSTITUŢIONALĂ

In numele legii

DECIDE:

Admite excepţia de neconstituţionalitate a dispoziţiilor art. I pct. 4 din Ordonanţa Guvernului nr. 34/2001 pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 146/1997 privind taxele judiciare de timbru, excepţie ridicată de Emil Havriliuc în Dosarul nr. 6.780/314/2008 al Judecătoriei Suceava.

Definitivă şi general obligatorie.

Pronunţată în şedinţa publică din data de 12 mai 2009.

PREŞEDINTELE CURŢII CONSTITUŢIONALE,

prof. univ. dr. IOAN VIDA

Magistrat-asistent,

Fabian Niculae


SmartCity5

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