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ORDONANTA Nr

ORDONANTA   Nr. 20 din 30 ianuarie 1998

privind constituirea si functionarea fondurilor cu capital de risc

ACT EMIS DE: GUVERNUL ROMANIEI

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 41 din 30 ianuarie 1998


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    In temeiul art. 107. alin. (1) si (3) din Constitutia Romaniei si al art. 1 lit. c) din Legea nr. 221/1997 privind abilitarea Guvernului de a emite ordonante,

    Guvernul Romaniei emite prezenta ordonanta.

    CAP. 1
    Dispozitii generale

    Art. 1
    Fondurile cu capital de risc sunt organisme de plasament in valori mobiliare, constituite ca fonduri inchise de investitii, prin mobilizarea resurselor financiare de la persoane fizice sau de la persoane juridice de drept privat, romane ori straine.
    Art. 2
    (1) Fondurile cu capital de risc pot efectua plasamentul resurselor financiare in una dintre urmatoarele forme:
    a) in mod direct, prin participarea la constituirea de societati comerciale cu capital privat sau prin majorarea capitalului social al acestor societati, pe baza de contract incheiat intre parti;
    b) in mod direct, in baza art. 98 din Legea nr. 31/1990 privind societatile comerciale, republicata, ori prin dobandire de actiuni sau obligatiuni convertibile in actiuni la bursa de valori sau pe alta piata organizata, in regimul Legii nr. 52/1994 privind valorile mobiliare si bursele de valori si al reglementarilor adoptate de Comisia Nationala a Valorilor Mobiliare in executarea acestei legi.
    (2) In cazul prevazut la alin. (1) lit. a), fondurile cu capital de risc efectueaza plasamentul pe baza unui plan de afaceri prezentat de catre societatile comerciale cu capital privat sau de catre fondatorii acestora, la momentul constituirii lor.
    Art. 3
    Fondurile cu capital de risc care se infiinteaza si se organizeaza sub forma societatilor comerciale pe actiuni pot asigura:
    a) consultanta si asistenta manageriala societatilor comerciale cu capital privat, in vederea dezvoltarii, reorganizarii sau a restructurarii acestora, precum si a extinderii activitatii lor sau a initierii de noi afaceri;
    b) participarea la managementul societatilor comerciale la care detin actiuni sau parti sociale.
    Art. 4
    In cazurile in care fondurile cu capital de risc detin, la o societate comerciala cotata la bursa de valori sau pe alta piata organizata, actiuni ce confera o pozitie de control sau majoritara, ele se supun obligatiilor de evidenta si raportare prevazute de Legea nr. 52/1994, in conditiile stabilite prin reglementarile Comisiei Nationale a Valorilor Mobiliare.

    CAP. 2
    Constituirea si organizarea fondurilor cu capital de risc

    Art. 5
    (1) Fondurile cu capital de risc se infiinteaza in una dintre urmatoarele forme juridice:
    a) societate civila particulara, fara personalitate juridica, in temeiul art. 1.491, 1.492 si al art. 1.499 - 1.531 din Codul civil;
    b) societate de investitii, organizata ca societate comerciala pe actiuni, constituita prin subscriptie integrala si simultana a capitalului social, in conditiile Legii nr. 31/1990, republicata.
    (2) Contractul de societate civila sau, dupa caz, actul constitutiv se intocmeste in conformitate cu reglementarile adoptate de Comisia Nationala a Valorilor Mobiliare.
    (3) Utilizarea expresiei fond cu capital de risc si desfasurarea de activitati specifice fondurilor cu capital de risc sunt rezervate exclusiv societatilor civile particulare si societatilor de investitii care se constituie si functioneaza potrivit dispozitiilor prezentei ordonante.
    Art. 6
    (1) Participarea sau capitalul social minim pentru constituirea unui fond cu capital de risc, dupa caz, se stabileste prin reglementari emise de Comisia Nationala a Valorilor Mobiliare si este alcatuit numai din aporturi in numerar, integral varsate la data constituirii.
    (2) Numarul de fondatori pentru constituirea unui fond cu capital de risc, in oricare dintre cele doua forme prevazute la art 5 alin. (1), este de pana la 50 de persoane.
    Art. 7
    (1) Constituirea fondului cu capital de risc in forma juridica de societate civila particulara este supusa autorizarii Comisiei Nationale a Valorilor Mobiliare, care verifica realitatea varsamantului integral subscris si conformitatea contractului civil sau a actului constitutiv.
    (2) Fondul cu capital de risc care se infiinteaza ca societate de investitii organizata ca societate comerciala pe actiuni se constituie cu avizul Comisiei Nationale a Valorilor Mobiliare, care verifica realitatea liberarii capitalului subscris si indeplinirea conditiilor stipulate in actul constitutiv.
    Art. 8
    (1) Persoanele care constituie fondul cu capital de risc in forma juridica de societate civila particulara desemneaza, prin contractul de societate, un consiliu de incredere alcatuit din 3-7 membri ai fondului; acestia aleg, din randul lor, cu majoritate simpla de voturi, un presedinte.
    (2) Consiliul de incredere reprezinta fondul cu capital de risc in raporturile cu societatea de administrare a investitiilor, cu Comisia Nationala a Valorilor Mobiliare, precum si cu orice persoana fizica si persoana juridica.
    (3) Fiecare membru in consiliul de incredere dispune de un vot; in caz de partaj egal al voturilor, votul presedintelui este decisiv.
    (4) Drepturile si obligatiile membrilor consiliului de incredere se stabilesc prin contractul de societate civila, in conformitate cu reglementarile adoptate de Comisia Nationala a Valorilor Mobiliare.

    CAP. 3
    Administrarea si functionarea fondurilor cu capital de risc

    Art. 9
    (1) Fondurile cu capital de risc constituite in forma juridica de societate civila particulara incheie, prin consiliul de incredere si cu avizul Comisiei Nationale a Valorilor Mobiliare, contracte cu societati de administrare a investitiilor, care functioneaza potrivit Ordonantei Guvernului nr. 24/1993 privind reglementarea constituirii si functionarii fondurilor deschise de investitii si a societatilor de investitii ca investitii de intermediere financiara, aprobata prin Legea nr. 83/1994.
    (2) Societatea de administrare a investitiilor va intocmi lunar, trimestrial, semestrial si anual raportari privind situatia financiara a fondului. Raportarile semestriale si anuale vor fi verificate si certificate de cenzori externi independenti.
    Art. 10
    (1) Fondurile cu capital de risc vor distribui membrilor lor titluri de participare - certificate de investitor sau actiuni, in functie de forma juridica de organizare a fondului - cu o valoare nominala egala cu cel putin 100.000.000 lei.
    (2) Titlurile de participare la fond sunt nominative si transmisibile, inclusiv pe piata extrabursiera, in conditiile stabilite prin contractul civil sau, dupa caz, prin actul constitutiv.
    (3) Fondul cu capital de risc constituit ca societate de investitii va cere admiterea actiunilor emise, la cota unei piete organizate de valori mobiliare, in termen de 90 de zile de la data emisiunii.
    Art. 11
    (1) Fondurile cu capital de risc isi vor diversifica investitiile in societati comerciale, indiferent daca dobandesc o pozitie semnificativa de control sau majoritara la o societate comerciala.
    (2) Un fond cu capital de risc nu va putea investi mai mult de 20% din activele sale intr-o singura societate comerciala sau in mai multe societati comerciale controlate de catre aceeasi persoana.
    Art. 12
    (1) Fondurile cu capital de risc constituite in forma juridica de societate civila particulara pot fi transformate in societati de investitii, prin hotararea membrilor, adoptata cu majoritatea simpla de voturi, aferenta titlurilor de participare detinute.
    (2) Procedura, conditiile si efectele operatiunii de transformare se stabilesc prin reglementari ale Comisiei Nationale a Valorilor Mobiliare.

    CAP. 4
    Dispozitii finale

    Art. 13
    Fondurile cu capital de risc pot efectua plasamente la societatile comerciale la care statul este actionar, supuse privatizarii, numai sub conditia dobandirii, printr-o singura achizitie, a intregii participari detinute de stat la respectivele societati comerciale.
    Art. 14
    Dispozitiile Legii nr. 52/1994 privind valorile mobiliare si bursele de valori se aplica regimului juridic al fondurilor cu capital de risc, daca nu contravin dispozitiilor prezentei ordonante.
    Art. 15
    (1) Prezenta ordonanta intra in vigoare la 30 de zile de la publicarea ei in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei.
    (2) Pana la termenul prevazut la alin. (1), Comisia Nationala a Valorilor Mobiliare va emite norme si instructiuni pentru punerea in executare a prezentei ordonante.

               PRIM-MINISTRU
               VICTOR CIORBEA

                      Contrasemneaza:
                      p. Ministrul reformei,
                      presedintele Consiliului
                      pentru Reforma
                      Laurentiu Tachiciu,

                      Ministrul privatizarii,
                      Valentin M. Ionescu



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