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LEGE Nr

LEGE   Nr. 241 din 15 iulie 2005

pentru prevenirea si combaterea evaziunii fiscale

ACT EMIS DE: PARLAMENT

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 672 din 27 iulie 2005


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    Parlamentul Romaniei adopta prezenta lege.

    CAP. 1
    Dispozitii generale

    Art. 1
    Prezenta lege instituie masuri de prevenire si combatere a infractiunilor de evaziune fiscala si a unor infractiuni aflate in legatura cu acestea.
    Art. 2
    In intelesul prezentei legi, termenii si expresiile de mai jos se definesc dupa cum urmeaza:
    a) buget general consolidat - ansamblul tuturor bugetelor publice, componente ale sistemului bugetar, agregate si consolidate pentru a forma un intreg;
    b) contribuabil - orice persoana fizica ori juridica sau orice alta entitate fara personalitate juridica care datoreaza impozite, taxe, contributii si alte sume bugetului general consolidat;
    c) documente legale - documentele prevazute de Codul fiscal, Codul de procedura fiscala, Codul vamal, Legea contabilitatii nr. 82/1991, republicata, si de reglementarile elaborate pentru punerea in aplicare a acestora;
    d) formulare tipizate cu regim special utilizate in domeniul fiscal - documente legale ale caror tiparire, inseriere si numerotare se realizeaza in conditiile actelor normative in vigoare;
    e) obligatii fiscale - obligatiile prevazute de Codul fiscal si de Codul de procedura fiscala;
    f) operatiune fictiva - disimularea realitatii prin crearea aparentei existentei unei operatiuni care in fapt nu exista;
    g) organe competente - organe care au atributii de efectuare a verificarilor financiare, fiscale sau vamale, potrivit legii.

    CAP. 2
    Infractiuni

    Art. 3
    Constituie infractiune si se pedepseste cu amenda de la 50.000.000 lei la 300.000.000 lei fapta contribuabilului care, cu intentie, nu reface documentele de evidenta contabila distruse, in termenul inscris in documentele de control, desi acesta putea sa o faca.
    Art. 4
    Constituie infractiune si se pedepseste cu inchisoare de la 6 luni la 3 ani sau cu amenda refuzul nejustificat al unei persoane de a prezenta organelor competente, dupa ce a fost somata de 3 ori, documentele legale si bunurile din patrimoniu, in scopul impiedicarii verificarilor financiare, fiscale sau vamale.
    Art. 5
    Constituie infractiune si se pedepseste cu inchisoare de la 6 luni la 3 ani sau cu amenda impiedicarea, sub orice forma, a organelor competente de a intra, in conditiile prevazute de lege, in sedii, incinte ori pe terenuri, cu scopul efectuarii verificarilor financiare, fiscale sau vamale.
    Art. 6
    Constituie infractiune si se pedepseste cu inchisoare de la un an la 3 ani sau cu amenda retinerea si nevarsarea, cu intentie, in cel mult 30 de zile de la scadenta, a sumelor reprezentand impozite sau contributii cu retinere la sursa.
    Art. 7
    (1) Constituie infractiune si se pedepseste cu inchisoare de la 2 ani la 7 ani si interzicerea unor drepturi punerea in circulatie, fara drept, a timbrelor, banderolelor sau formularelor tipizate, utilizate in domeniul fiscal, cu regim special.
    (2) Constituie infractiune si se pedepseste cu inchisoare de la 3 ani la 12 ani si interzicerea unor drepturi tiparirea sau punerea in circulatie, cu stiinta, de timbre, banderole sau formulare tipizate, utilizate in domeniul fiscal, cu regim special, falsificate.
    Art. 8
    (1) Constituie infractiune si se pedepseste cu inchisoare de la 3 ani la 10 ani si interzicerea unor drepturi stabilirea cu rea-credinta de catre contribuabil a impozitelor, taxelor sau contributiilor, avand ca rezultat obtinerea, fara drept, a unor sume de bani cu titlu de rambursari sau restituiri de la bugetul general consolidat ori compensari datorate bugetului general consolidat.
    (2) Constituie infractiune si se pedepseste cu inchisoare de la 5 ani la 15 ani si interzicerea unor drepturi asocierea in vederea savarsirii faptei prevazute la alin. (1).
    (3) Tentativa faptelor prevazute la alin. (1) si (2) se pedepseste.
    Art. 9
    (1) Constituie infractiuni de evaziune fiscala si se pedepsesc cu inchisoare de la 2 ani la 8 ani si interzicerea unor drepturi urmatoarele fapte savarsite in scopul sustragerii de la indeplinirea obligatiilor fiscale:
    a) ascunderea bunului ori a sursei impozabile sau taxabile;
    b) omisiunea, in tot sau in parte, a evidentierii, in actele contabile ori in alte documente legale, a operatiunilor comerciale efectuate sau a veniturilor realizate;
    c) evidentierea, in actele contabile sau in alte documente legale, a cheltuielilor care nu au la baza operatiuni reale ori evidentierea altor operatiuni fictive;
    d) alterarea, distrugerea sau ascunderea de acte contabile, memorii ale aparatelor de taxat ori de marcat electronice fiscale sau de alte mijloace de stocare a datelor;
    e) executarea de evidente contabile duble, folosindu-se inscrisuri sau alte mijloace de stocare a datelor;
    f) sustragerea de la efectuarea verificarilor financiare, fiscale sau vamale, prin nedeclararea, declararea fictiva ori declararea inexacta cu privire la sediile principale sau secundare ale persoanelor verificate;
    g) substituirea, degradarea sau instrainarea de catre debitor ori de catre terte persoane a bunurilor sechestrate in conformitate cu prevederile Codului de procedura fiscala si ale Codului de procedura penala.
    (2) Daca prin faptele prevazute la alin. (1) s-a produs un prejudiciu mai mare de 100.000 euro, in echivalentul monedei nationale, limita minima a pedepsei prevazute de lege si limita maxima a acesteia se majoreaza cu 2 ani.
    (3) Daca prin faptele prevazute la alin. (1) s-a produs un prejudiciu mai mare de 500.000 euro, in echivalentul monedei nationale, limita minima a pedepsei prevazute de lege si limita maxima a acesteia se majoreaza cu 3 ani.

    CAP. 3
    Cauze de nepedepsire si cauze de reducere a pedepselor

    Art. 10
    (1) In cazul savarsirii unei infractiuni de evaziune fiscala prevazute de prezenta lege, daca in cursul urmaririi penale sau al judecatii, pana la primul termen de judecata, invinuitul ori inculpatul acopera integral prejudiciul cauzat, limitele pedepsei prevazute de lege pentru fapta savarsita se reduc la jumatate. Daca prejudiciul cauzat si recuperat in aceleasi conditii este de pana la 100.000 euro, in echivalentul monedei nationale, se poate aplica pedeapsa cu amenda. Daca prejudiciul cauzat si recuperat in aceleasi conditii este de pana la 50.000 euro, in echivalentul monedei nationale, se aplica o sanctiune administrativa, care se inregistreaza in cazierul judiciar.
    (2) Dispozitiile prevazute la alin. (1) nu se aplica daca faptuitorul a mai savarsit o infractiune prevazuta de prezenta lege intr-un interval de 5 ani de la comiterea faptei pentru care a beneficiat de prevederile alin. (1).
    Art. 11
    In cazul in care s-a savarsit o infractiune prevazuta de prezenta lege, luarea masurilor asiguratorii este obligatorie.
    Art. 12
    Nu pot fi fondatori, administratori, directori sau reprezentanti legali ai societatii comerciale, iar daca au fost alese, sunt decazute din drepturi, persoanele care au fost condamnate pentru infractiunile prevazute de prezenta lege.

    CAP. 4
    Dispozitii finale

    Art. 13
    (1) La data ramanerii definitive a hotararii judecatoresti de condamnare pentru vreuna dintre infractiunile prevazute de prezenta lege, instanta va comunica Oficiului National al Registrului Comertului o copie a dispozitivului hotararii judecatoresti definitive.
    (2) La primirea dispozitivului hotararii judecatoresti definitive de condamnare, Oficiul National al Registrului Comertului va face mentiunile corespunzatoare in registrul comertului.
    Art. 14
    In cazul in care, ca urmare a savarsirii unei infractiuni, nu se pot stabili, pe baza evidentelor contribuabilului, sumele datorate bugetului general consolidat, acestea vor fi determinate de organul competent potrivit legii, prin estimare, in conditiile Codului de procedura fiscala.
    Art. 15
    Prezenta lege intra in vigoare la 30 de zile de la data publicarii ei in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I.
    Art. 16
    La data intrarii in vigoare a prezentei legi se abroga:
    a) Legea nr. 87/1994 pentru combaterea evaziunii fiscale, republicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 545 din 29 iulie 2003, cu modificarile ulterioare;
    b) art. 280 din Legea nr. 53/2003 - Codul muncii, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 72 din 5 februarie 2003, cu modificarile ulterioare;
    c) art. 188 din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 92/2003 privind Codul de procedura fiscala, republicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 560 din 24 iunie 2004, cu modificarile si completarile ulterioare.

    Aceasta lege a fost adoptata de Parlamentul Romaniei, cu respectarea prevederilor art. 75 si ale art. 76 alin. (1) din Constitutia Romaniei, republicata.

                    p. PRESEDINTELE CAMEREI DEPUTATILOR,
                              DAN RADU RUSANU

                           PRESEDINTELE SENATUI
                              NICOLAE VACAROIU



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ANONIM a comentat Legea 243 2021
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ANONIM a comentat Decretul 390 2018
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ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
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