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LEGE Nr

LEGE   Nr. 191 din 16 aprilie 2002

Legea gradinilor zoologice si acvariilor publice

ACT EMIS DE: PARLAMENT

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 271 din 23 aprilie 2002


SmartCity3


    Parlamentul Romaniei adopta prezenta lege.

    CAP. 1
    Dispozitii generale

    Art. 1
    Obiectul prezentei legi il constituie protejarea faunei salbatice si conservarea biodiversitatii prin prevederea de masuri pentru organizarea autorizarii si inspectarii gradinilor zoologice, sporind astfel rolul acestora in conservarea biodiversitatii.
    Art. 2
    (1) In sensul prezentei legi, gradinile zoologice reprezinta acele unitati permanente care detin animale din speciile salbatice, in scopul prezentarii lor publicului o perioada de minimum 7 zile pe an.
    (2) Sunt incluse: gradini zoologice propriu-zise, gradini cu pasari, voliere, delfinarii, terarii, acvarii.
    (3) Fac exceptie: circurile, magazinele de animale de companie si unitatile care nu expun publicului un numar semnificativ de animale si specii.
    Art. 3
    Gradinile zoologice se pot infiinta de catre persoane fizice sau juridice, in baza acordului si a autorizatiei de mediu, precum si a autorizatiei sanitare veterinare, eliberate de autoritatile teritoriale pentru protectia mediului si de autoritatile teritoriale sanitare veterinare, conform legislatiei in vigoare.
    Art. 4
    La nivelul autoritatii publice centrale pentru protectia mediului se va deschide Registrul national al gradinilor zoologice si acvariilor publice, care se va completa prin grija structurii care coordoneaza conservarea biodiversitatii, pe baza evidentelor existente la institutiile de mediu din teritoriu.

    CAP. 2
    Regimul gradinilor zoologice, autorizarea si controlul

    Art. 5
    (1) Gradinile zoologice si acvariile se pot afla:
    a) in proprietatea publica sau privata a statului;
    b) in proprietatea publica sau privata a unitatilor administrativ-teritoriale;
    c) in proprietatea privata a persoanelor fizice sau a unor societati comerciale.
    (2) Finantarea gradinilor zoologice si a acvariilor se face de proprietari din surse proprii si din alte surse, in conditiile legii.
    Art. 6
    Fiecare gradina zoologica trebuie sa aiba autorizatie de functionare, in termen de maximum 4 ani de la data intrarii in vigoare a prezentei legi, iar in cazul gradinilor zoologice noi, inainte de a fi deschise pentru public.
    Art. 7
    (1) Fiecare autorizatie de functionare trebuie sa contina conditii specifice privind normele aplicabile gradinilor zoologice, conform art. 10 si 11.
    (2) Respectarea conditiilor prevazute la alin. (1) va fi monitorizata prin inspectii regulate si se vor lua masurile necesare pentru respectarea acestor conditii.
    Art. 8
    Inaintea acordarii, refuzarii, prelungirii perioadei de valabilitate sau modificarii semnificative a unei autorizatii de functionare se efectueaza o inspectie pentru a se stabili daca sunt indeplinite conditiile pentru eliberarea autorizatiei.
    Art. 9
    (1) Daca gradinii zoologice nu i se elibereaza autorizatie de functionare sau daca nu sunt indeplinite conditiile pentru eliberarea unei autorizatii, gradina zoologica respectiva sau o parte a acesteia este inchisa pentru public de catre autoritatile competente pana la indeplinirea conditiilor de autorizare.
    (2) In cazul in care aceste cerinte nu sunt indeplinite in termen de cel mult 2 ani, autoritatile competente retrag sau modifica autorizatia de functionare si inchid gradina zoologica sau o parte a acesteia.
    (3) In cazul in care o gradina zoologica sau o parte a acesteia este inchisa, autoritatile competente se asigura ca animalele in cauza sunt tratate sau instrainate conform conditiilor legale in vigoare.

    CAP. 3
    Obligatii si raspunderi privind conservarea vietii salbatice

    Art. 10
    Administratorii sunt obligati sa puna in aplicare urmatoarele dispozitii de conservare:
    a) participarea la activitati de cercetare care sporesc beneficiile pentru conservarea speciilor si/sau de formare a cunostintelor de conservare relevante, precum si/sau la schimburi de informatii referitoare la conservarea speciilor si/sau, acolo unde este cazul, la inmultirea in captivitate, repopularea ori reintroducerea speciilor in mediul salbatic natural;
    b) promovarea educarii si a sensibilizarii publicului cu privire la conservarea biodiversitatii, in special prin oferirea de informatii referitoare la speciile expuse si la habitatele lor naturale;
    c) adapostirea animalelor in conditii care sa raspunda cerintelor biologice si de conservare pentru speciile individuale, intre altele, prin imbunatatiri specifice speciilor, aduse tarcurilor;
    d) mentinerea unui standard ridicat de crestere a animalelor, cu un program preventiv si curativ dezvoltat pentru ingrijire veterinara si alimentara;
    e) prevenirea evadarii animalelor, pentru a se evita posibilele pericole ecologice pentru speciile indigene, si prevenirea patrunderii din exterior a daunatorilor si epidemiilor;
    f) pastrarea unor informatii actualizate cu privire la colectia gradinii zoologice respective, adecvate speciilor inregistrate.
    Art. 11
    In vederea asigurarii criteriilor de conduita internationale acceptate pentru obtinerea, transportul si manipularea colectiilor de animale vii, astfel cum sunt ele stipulate si in autorizatia de functionare, administratorii gradinilor zoologice si ai acvariilor au urmatoarele obligatii:
    a) sa ingrijeasca corespunzator animalele din proprietate in interesul existentei si reproducerii acestora;
    b) sa respecte si sa afiseze la loc vizibil pentru angajati si vizitatori regulamentul propriu de organizare si functionare al institutiei;
    c) sa marcheze clar custile sau orice mijloace de limitare a libertatii animalelor din colectii cu urmatoarele date: numele animalului expus (stiintific si autohton, daca exista), locul de provenienta, arealul speciei, temperatura la care este obisnuit sa traiasca, cerintele alimentare;
    d) sa marcheze clar, la loc vizibil din orice punct de vizitare sau de acces, amplasamentele de expunere a animalelor considerate periculoase, incluzand si explicatia asupra naturii pericolului pe care acestea il prezinta.
    Art. 12
    (1) Constituie contraventii si se sanctioneaza cu amenda de la 20 milioane lei la 100 milioane lei urmatoarele fapte:
    a) detinerea sau infiintarea de gradini zoologice ori de acvarii publice, fara autorizatie;
    b) distrugerea sau deteriorarea obiectelor gradinii zoologice ori ale acvariilor, de natura sa afecteze in sens negativ viata animalelor din colectii;
    c) sustragerea de animale vii, pui, embrioni, oua, icre sau de alte produse biologice destinate reproducerii animalelor in captivitate ori cu rol in comportamentul reproductiv al acestora;
    d) punerea in libertate neautorizata a animalelor, daca fapta nu este de natura sa provoace un atentat la siguranta sociala sau la integritatea fizica a persoanelor;
    e) desfasurarea de activitati economice sau recreative, de orice natura, al caror rezultat poate afecta ori afecteaza viata normala a animalelor din colectii;
    f) exercitarea de acte de cruzime asupra animalelor, vivisectii, sacrificii, sacrificari neautorizate sau maltratarea animalelor din colectii, inclusiv privarea de apa, hrana potrivita, repaus.
    (2) Constituie contraventii si se sanctioneaza cu amenda de la 100 milioane lei la 200 milioane lei urmatoarele fapte:
    a) sustragerea, in scopul vanzarii in strainatate sau al trecerii frontierei de stat, de animale vii sau de material reproductiv din gradinile zoologice ori din acvarii;
    b) vanzarea de animale vii sau de material reproductiv catre institutii ori persoane neautorizate sa detina o gradina zoologica si care intentioneaza sa foloseasca aceste animale pentru activitati cu caracter economic. Fac exceptie animalele considerate domestice in Romania (caini, pisici, capre, oi, vaci, porci, cai si altele);
    c) organizarea de activitati competitive, de tipul luptelor de animale, atat in incinta, cat si in afara gradinilor zoologice sau a acvariilor. Daca fapta s-a petrecut in public sau daca a presupus si intentia sau chiar efectuarea de pariuri, amenda se majoreaza cu 50% .
    Art. 13
    Refuzul de a instraina animalele, eliberarea sau uciderea animalelor aflate in grija, de catre gradinile zoologice sau de acvariile neautorizate, constituie contraventie si se sanctioneaza cu amenda de la 50 milioane lei la 100 milioane lei.
    Art. 14
    Constatarea contraventiilor se face de catre autoritatile teritoriale pentru protectia mediului, autoritatile teritoriale pentru agricultura si silvicultura si inspectiile de stat ale acestor autoritati, precum si de reprezentantii administratiei publice locale.

    CAP. 4
    Dispozitii finale

    Art. 15
    Autoritatile competente, in sensul prezentei legi, sunt autoritatea publica centrala pentru protectia mediului si autoritatea publica centrala pentru agricultura, alimentatie si paduri.
    Art. 16
    Autoritatea publica centrala pentru protectia mediului, impreuna cu Academia Romana, va emite, in termen de 6 luni de la data intrarii in vigoare a prezentei legi, un ordin care va reglementa modelul fisei de evidenta a fiecarei gradini zoologice sau acvariu, precum si al Registrului national al gradinilor zoologice si acvariilor publice.
    Art. 17
    In termen de un an de la data intrarii in vigoare a prezentei legi autoritatea publica centrala pentru protectia mediului va lua masuri pentru inventarierea si inregistrarea tuturor gradinilor zoologice si a acvariilor deschise publicului, pe care le va supune procedurii de autorizare, la cererea administratiilor acestora. In lipsa cererii se considera ca nu se mai doreste continuarea acestei activitati, iar actuala administratie este obligata ca in termen de 90 de zile sa instraineze animalele vii detinute catre gradinile zoologice sau acvariile autorizate.
    Art. 18
    Acolo unde nu este posibila determinarea exacta a administratiei gradinilor zoologice si a acvariilor, raspunderea pentru desfasurarea procedurii mentionate la art. 17 revine proprietarului terenului respectiv sau al amenajarilor pentru adapostirea animalelor, in aceasta ordine.

    Aceasta lege a fost adoptata de Camera Deputatilor in sedinta din 18 martie 2002, cu respectarea prevederilor art. 74 alin. (2) din Constitutia Romaniei.

                    p. PRESEDINTELE CAMEREI DEPUTATILOR,
                             VIOREL HREBENCIUC

    Aceasta lege a fost adoptata de Senat in sedinta din 18 martie 2002, cu respectarea prevederilor art. 74 alin. (2) din Constitutia Romaniei.

                        p. PRESEDINTELE SENATUI,
                              GHEORGHE BUZATU



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COMENTARII la Legea 191/2002

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ANONIM a comentat Legea 166 2014
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ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
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ANONIM a comentat Decretul 1134 2016
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ANONIM a comentat Legea 243 2021
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ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
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ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
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ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK.VIA: dromokpo@gmail.com This is my testimony of life that I will tell everyone. I have been married for 25 years Another woman had a spell to get me away from my lover, My husband left me and the children and we suffered for 2 years until I saw post about where this man Dr Omokpo has helped so many people recover their broken marriages and relationships   to get their ex lovers back. I decided to send him a message about my broken marriage and family  about how my husband left me and  for him to help me bring back my loving husband home, This great man told me what to do and I followed him as he instructed. After 48 hours, as he told me, I saw a car enter the compound. I was shocked when I saw my husband. As I share my testimony with you my husband came back to me and the kids and that's why I'm happy to put all of you to meet this man for solutions to your problem and bring your lover back to you and mend your broken marriage or your relationship restored back to happiness as you wished. Contact this great man via: dromokpo@gmail.com
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