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Legea 51 2003 aproba Ordonanţa 130 2000
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LEGE Nr

LEGE   Nr. 51 din 21 ianuarie 2003

pentru aprobarea Ordonantei Guvernului nr. 130/2000 privind regimul juridic al contractelor la distanta

ACT EMIS DE: PARLAMENT

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 57 din 31 ianuarie 2003


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    Parlamentul Romaniei adopta prezenta lege.

    ARTICOL UNIC
    Se aproba Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 130 din 31 august 2000 privind regimul juridic al contractelor la distanta, adoptata in temeiul art. 1 lit. R pct. 5 din Legea nr. 125/2000 privind abilitarea Guvernului de a emite ordonante si publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 431 din 2 septembrie 2000, cu urmatoarele modificari si completari:
    1. Titlul ordonantei va avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "ORDONANTA
privind protectia consumatorilor la incheierea si executarea contractelor la distanta"
    2. Articolul 1 va avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "Art. 1
    Prezenta ordonanta reglementeaza conditiile incheierii si executarii contractelor comerciale la distanta intre comerciantii care furnizeaza produse sau servicii si consumatori."
    3. La articolul 2, literele b) si c) ale alineatului (1) si alineatul (2) vor avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "b) consumator - orice persoana fizica sau grup de persoane fizice constituite in asociatii, care cumpara, dobandesc, utilizeaza sau consuma produse ori servicii in afara activitatii lor profesionale;
    c) comerciant - persoana fizica sau juridica autorizata sa desfasoare activitate de comercializare a produselor sau serviciilor de piata in cadrul activitatii sale;
    ...........................................................................
    (2) Tehnicile de comunicatie la distanta sunt prevazute in anexa nr. 1 care face parte integranta din prezenta ordonanta."
    4. La articolul 3, literele a) si c) ale alineatului (1) si alineatul (2) vor avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "a) identitatea comerciantului si, in cazul contractelor care prevad plata anticipata, adresa si modalitatile de contactare a acestuia, telefon/fax, e-mail si codul unic de inregistrare;
    ...........................................................................
    c) pretul de vanzare cu amanuntul al produsului sau tariful serviciului si taxele aplicabile;
    ...........................................................................
    (2) Informatiile prevazute la alin. (1), al caror scop comercial trebuie sa rezulte fara echivoc, vor fi comunicate in mod clar, usor de inteles de catre consumator, prin orice mijloc adaptat tehnicii de comunicatie la distanta utilizate, tinandu-se seama de principiile de buna practica comerciala in tranzactii si de principiile care guverneaza protectia minorilor si a altor persoane lipsite de capacitate de exercitiu, precum si de principiile referitoare la bunele moravuri."
    5. La articolul 3, dupa litera i) a alineatului (1) se introduce litera j) cu urmatorul cuprins:
    "j) termenul limita de executare a obligatiilor rezultand din contract."
    6. La articolul 4, literele a), c) si d) ale alineatului (1) vor avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "a) confirmarea informatiilor mentionate la art. 3 alin. (1), daca acestea nu au fost transmise, in conditiile prevazute la alin. (1), inainte de incheierea contractului;
    ...........................................................................
    c) sediul, numarul de telefon/fax, precum si adresa de e-mail ale comerciantului, la care consumatorul poate sa-si prezinte reclamatiile;
    d) informatiile privind service-ul postvanzare si garantiile oferite;"
    7. Articolul 5 va avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "Art. 5
    Daca partile nu au convenit altfel, momentul incheierii contractului la distanta il constituie momentul primirii mesajului de confirmare de catre consumator, referitor la comanda sa."
    8. Literele a) si c) ale articolului 6 vor avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "a) contractelor privind serviciile financiare prezentate in anexa nr. 2 care face parte integranta din prezenta ordonanta;
    ...........................................................................
    c) contractelor incheiate cu operatorii de telecomunicatii in scopul utilizarii telefoanelor publice;"
    9. Articolul 8 va avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "Art. 8
    In cazul exercitarii dreptului de denuntare unilaterala a contractului de catre consumator in conditiile art. 7, comerciantul are obligatia sa ramburseze sumele platite de consumator fara a-i solicita acestuia cheltuielile aferente rambursarii sumelor. Rambursarea sumelor se va face in cel mult 30 de zile de la data denuntarii contractului de catre consumator."
    10. Alineatele (2) si (3) ale articolului 11 vor avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "(2) Comerciantul, in cazul in care nu poate executa contractul din cauza ca produsul sau serviciul nu este disponibil, trebuie sa informeze consumatorul despre aceasta indisponibilitate, iar sumele pe care acesta le-a varsat ca plata trebuie rambursate de comerciant in termen de maximum 30 de zile.
    (3) Comerciantul poate livra consumatorului un produs sau serviciu de o calitate si la un pret echivalente cu cele solicitate numai daca acest lucru a fost prevazut inainte de incheierea contractului si/sau in contract, astfel incat consumatorul sa fie informat in mod clar despre aceasta posibilitate. In caz contrar furnizarea unor produse sau servicii similare celor solicitate va fi asimilata cu livrarea fara comanda, astfel cum se prevede la art. 14. Cheltuielile de returnare a produselor, in situatia exercitarii dreptului de denuntare unilaterala a contractului, sunt in acest caz in sarcina comerciantului, element asupra caruia consumatorul trebuie sa fie informat."
    11. Articolul 13 va avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "Art. 13
    In cazul in care cartea de credit a unui consumator se dovedeste ca a fost utilizata in mod fraudulos pentru achitarea pretului unui contract la distanta, sumele varsate ca plata vor fi recreditate sau restituite consumatorului potrivit reglementarilor specifice acestor sisteme de plata."
    12. La articolul 15, dupa litera b) se introduce litera c) cu urmatorul cuprins:
    "c) adresa de posta electronica (e-mail)."
    13. Articolul 17 va avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "Art. 17
    Constituie contraventie, daca nu a fost savarsita in astfel de conditii incat, potrivit legii penale, sa constituie infractiune, incalcarea prevederilor art. 8 si 11, referitoare la nerespectarea termenelor de rambursare, precum si ale art. 14 si se sanctioneaza cu amenda de la 10.000.000 lei la 40.000.000 lei."
    14. Dupa articolul 17 se introduce articolul 17^1 cu urmatorul cuprins:
    "Art. 17^1
    Constituie contraventie incalcarea prevederilor art. 16 si se sanctioneaza cu amenda de la 5.000.000 lei la 10.000.000 lei."
    15. Articolele 18 - 23 vor avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "Art. 18
    Sanctiunile prevazute la art. 17 si 17^1 vor fi aplicate si persoanelor juridice.
    Art. 19
    Limitele minime si maxime ale amenzilor prevazute la art. 17 si 17^1 vor fi actualizate prin hotarare a Guvernului, in functie de indicele de inflatie.
    Art. 20
    Constatarea contraventiilor si aplicarea sanctiunilor prevazute la art. 17 si 17^1 se fac la sesizarea consumatorilor sau din oficiu de catre reprezentantii imputerniciti ai Autoritatii Nationale pentru Protectia Consumatorilor.
    Art. 21
    Contraventiilor prevazute la art. 17 si 17^1 le sunt aplicabile prevederile Ordonantei Guvernului nr. 2/2001 privind regimul juridic al contraventiilor, aprobata cu modificari si completari prin Legea nr. 180/2002, cu modificarile ulterioare, cu exceptia art. 28 si 29.
    Art. 22
    Prevederile privind comercializarea produselor si a serviciilor in conditiile prezentei ordonante se completeaza cu dispozitiile legale privind protectia consumatorilor, in masura in care nu contravin reglementarilor din prezenta ordonanta.
    Art. 23
    In caz de litigiu sarcina dovedirii obligatiilor prevazute la art. 4, a respectarii termenelor si a existentei acordului consumatorului, prevazute la art. 5, art. 11 alin. (1) si art. 15, revine comerciantului. Instanta competenta este cea de la domiciliul consumatorului."
    16. Dupa articolul 23 se introduce articolul 23^1 cu urmatorul cuprins:
    "Art. 23^1
    Anexele nr. 1 si 2 fac parte integranta din prezenta ordonanta si vor fi actualizate prin hotarare a Guvernului."
    17. Articolul 24 va avea urmatorul cuprins:
    "Art. 24
    Prezenta ordonanta intra in vigoare la data publicarii ei in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, si se pune in aplicare la 30 de zile de la data publicarii ei."
    18. Anexa devine anexa nr. 1.
    19. Dupa anexa nr. 1 se introduce anexa nr. 2 cu urmatorul cuprins:

    "ANEXA 2

                           SERVICIILE FINANCIARE
              exceptate de la aplicarea prevederilor ordonantei

    a) Serviciile de investitii, precum si cele cuprinse in activitati privind recunoasterea reciproca, asa cum sunt prevazute in Ordonanta de urgenta a Guvernului nr. 28/2002 privind valorile mobiliare, serviciile de investitii financiare si pietele reglementate, aprobata cu modificari si completari prin Legea nr. 525/2002, cu modificarile ulterioare
    b) Operatiuni de asigurare si reasigurare, asa cum sunt prevazute de Legea nr. 32/2000 privind societatile de asigurare si supravegherea asigurarilor, cu modificarile ulterioare, si de Normele nr. 3/2001 privind clasele de asigurari care pot fi practicate de societatile de asigurare, puse in aplicare prin Ordinul presedintelui Comisiei de Supraveghere a Asigurarilor nr. 3/2001
    c) Servicii bancare
    d) Operatiuni futures si options."

    Aceasta lege a fost adoptata de Senat in sedinta din 19 decembrie 2002, cu respectarea prevederilor art. 74 alin. (2) din Constitutia Romaniei.

                          PRESEDINTELE SENATUI
                             NICOLAE VACAROIU

    Aceasta lege a fost adoptata de Camera Deputatilor in sedinta din 19 decembrie 2002, cu respectarea prevederilor art. 74 alin. (2) din Constitutia Romaniei.

                   p. PRESEDINTELE CAMEREI DEPUTATILOR,
                             VIOREL HREBENCIUC



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COMENTARII la Legea 51/2003

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ANONIM a comentat Legea 166 2014
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ANONIM a comentat Decretul 1134 2016
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ANONIM a comentat Legea 243 2021
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ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
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ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK.VIA: dromokpo@gmail.com This is my testimony of life that I will tell everyone. I have been married for 25 years Another woman had a spell to get me away from my lover, My husband left me and the children and we suffered for 2 years until I saw post about where this man Dr Omokpo has helped so many people recover their broken marriages and relationships   to get their ex lovers back. I decided to send him a message about my broken marriage and family  about how my husband left me and  for him to help me bring back my loving husband home, This great man told me what to do and I followed him as he instructed. After 48 hours, as he told me, I saw a car enter the compound. I was shocked when I saw my husband. As I share my testimony with you my husband came back to me and the kids and that's why I'm happy to put all of you to meet this man for solutions to your problem and bring your lover back to you and mend your broken marriage or your relationship restored back to happiness as you wished. Contact this great man via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK.VIA: dromokpo@gmail.com This is my testimony of life that I will tell everyone. I have been married for 25 years Another woman had a spell to get me away from my lover, My husband left me and the children and we suffered for 2 years until I saw post about where this man Dr Omokpo has helped so many people recover their broken marriages and relationships   to get their ex lovers back. I decided to send him a message about my broken marriage and family  about how my husband left me and  for him to help me bring back my loving husband home, This great man told me what to do and I followed him as he instructed. After 48 hours, as he told me, I saw a car enter the compound. I was shocked when I saw my husband. As I share my testimony with you my husband came back to me and the kids and that's why I'm happy to put all of you to meet this man for solutions to your problem and bring your lover back to you and mend your broken marriage or your relationship restored back to happiness as you wished. Contact this great man via: dromokpo@gmail.com
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