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LEGE Nr

LEGE   Nr. 284 din 15 august 1947

pentru cedarea catre Banca Nationala a Romaniei a aurului, valutelor efective si altor mijloace de plata straine

ACT EMIS DE: MINISTERUL INDUSTRIEI SI COMERTULUI

ACT PUBLICAT IN:            MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 186 din 15 august 1947


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    Art. 1
    Persoanele stabilite in tara, avand in proprietate sau posesiune cu orice titlu, valorile specificate mai jos la art. 2, sunt obligate a le ceda Bancii Nationale a Romaniei contra platii in lei, la cursul oficial, in termen de 15 zile de la data publicarii prezentei legi in Monitorul Oficial.
    Se considera stabilite in tara, in spiritul legii de fata, persoanele fizice sau juridice, al caror domiciliu sau asezare obisnuita, resedinta sau sediu central se afla in Romania; sucursalele unei intreprinderi din strainatate, precum si stabilimentele strainilor aflate in Romania, fie ca sunt sau nu independente din punct de vedere juridic, se considera stabilite in tara, chiar daca sediul lor central s-ar afla in strainatate; de asemenea cetatenii straini care locuiesc in tara mai mult de sase luni.
    Art. 2
    Se va ceda:
    a) Aurul sub orice forma, precum si medaliile jubiliare emise in baza Decretului-lege nr. 656 din 1944, cu urmatoarele exceptiuni: aurul sub formele prevazute de art. 6 din Legea nr. 638 din 1946; salbele confectionate din ducati mari si mici austriaci (galbeni mari si mici); mahmudelele si icusarii, precum si colectiile numismatice ce se vor recunoaste ca atare de Banca Nationala a Romaniei, inlauntrul termenului de cedare fixat de prezenta lege. Aceste exceptiuni sunt limitative. Bijuteriile confectionate din monezi de aur batute dupa anul 1800 nu sunt exceptate;
    b) Valutele efective:
    Prin valute efective se inteleg monetele de metal sau de hartie, precum si biletele de banca de orice fel, batute sau emise in strainatate;
    c) Cecurile si ordinele de plata exprimate in moneta straina;
    d) Disponibilul in conturi si creantele in valuta straina in tara si strainatate.
    Printr-un comunicat ce va apare in Monitorul Oficial odata cu prezenta lege, Banca Nationala a Romaniei va stabili felul valutelor si devizelor prevazute de punctele b, c si d, ce urmeaza a fi cedate.
    Art. 3
    Sunt obligate sa cedeze valorile specificate la art. 2 si stabilite prin comunicatul Bancii Nationale a Romaniei:
    a) Persoanele fizice;
    b) Persoanele juridice prin reprezentantii lor legali;
    c) Persoanele incapabile sau puse in interdictie, prin reprezentantii lor legali;
    d) Persoanele care, pe baza unei dispozitiuni legale din ordinul unei autoritati sau prin testament poseda valori supuse cedarii (sindicul falimentului, curator si executor testamentar etc.);
    e) Asociatiile de persoane fara personalitate juridica sau fara patrimoniu, prin reprezentantii lor legali;
    f) Institutiile de stat si regiile autonome.
    Persoanele mai sus prevazute nu sunt obligate sa justifice provenienta valorilor aratate la art. 2.
    Art. 4
    Persoanele care in conformitate cu dispozitiunile prezentei legi au obligatia de cedare a valorilor specificate la art. 2 si care la data publicarii in Monitorul Oficial a legii de fata se afla in strainatate sunt obligate a efectua operatiunea de cedare in termen de 15 zile de la data intrarii lor in tara.
    Art. 5
    Persoanele, stabilite in tara care vor dobandi cu orice titlu, gratuit sau oneros, una din valorile specificate la art. 2, pe alta cale decat pe baza unei autorizatiuni dupa intrarea in vigoare a prezentei legi sunt obligate a le ceda Bancii Nationale a Romaniei, personal sau prin intermediul unei banci autorizate, in termen de 15 zile de la dobandirea lor.
    Art. 6
    Persoanele care vor dobandi calitatea de persoana stabilita in tara, astfel cum este definita in art. 1, alin. 2, din prezenta lege, sunt obligate a ceda Bancii Nationale a Romaniei, personal sau prin intermediul unei banci autorizate, in termen de 10 zile de la data cand dobandesc aceasta calitate, valorile specificate la art. 2.
    Art. 7
    Persoanele, asa dupa cum sunt definite de art. 1, avand proprietate sau posesiune cu orice titlu valorile enumerate mai jos, sunt obligate a le declara Bancii Nationale a Romaniei, in termen de 15 zile de la data publicarii prezentei legi in Monitorul Oficial, fara a fi obligate a justifica provenienta valorilor.
    Art. 8
    Se va declara:
    a) Valutele si devizele neprevazute de comunicatul Bancii Nationale a Romaniei, mentionate in ultimul alineat al art. 2;
    b) Acreditivele, biletele la ordin, cambiile, orice efecte de comert exprimate in moneda straina, precum si toate creantele asupra strainatatii neprevazute in comunicatul Bancii Nationale a Romaniei, asupra cedarii;
    c) Valori mobiliare emise in strainatate (valori mobiliare straine), precum si cupoanele de dobanda si dividendele lor;
    d) Participatiuni la companii si societati si in general participatiuni sub orice forma, la intreprinderile aflate in strainatate;
    e) Bunuri imobiliare aflate in strainatate si drepturi imobiliare (drepturi miniere, drepturi succesorale, drepturi de proprietate asupra vaselor de transport, etc.).
    Declararea valorilor ramane obligatorie, indiferent de faptul ca ele trebuiau declarate, sau au fost declarate in trecut, in conformitate cu dispozitiunile altor legi.
    Art. 9
    Daca valorile, enumerate la art. 8, punctele a - c, se afla depuse la o Banca, declaratia lor va fi trimisa Bancii Nationale a Romaniei, prin intermediul bancii respective. Bancile sunt obligate a face declaratiuni din proprie initiativa, in cazul cand persoanele obligate a declara valorile depuse la acele banci, nu au facut-o pana cel mai tarziu cu 2 zile inainte de expirarea termenului.
    Art. 10
    Asupra valorilor supuse declaratiunii, nu se va putea dispune, decat cu aprobarea prealabila a Bancii Nationale a Romaniei.
    Art. 11
    Actul de dispozitiune facut cu nerespectarea prevederilor de mai sus, este considerat ca nul.
    Art. 12
    Sunt supuse obligatiunii de declarare a valorilor mentionate la art. 8, persoanele fizice si juridice, precum si asociatiunile care se incadreaza in dispozitiunile art. 3, 4, 5 si 6.
    Art. 13
    Sunt scutiti de obligatiunea cedarii si declararii reprezentantii diplomatici si consulari, functionarii de cariera, care nu sunt cetateni romani, impreuna cu functionarii lor subalterni, supusi ai Statului reprezentant si care, in afara serviciului lor, nu exercita nici o profesiune, meserie sau orice alta activitate lucrativa in Romania.
    Art. 14
    Cine incalca dispozitiunile prezentei legi se pedepseste cu confiscarea valorilor necedate sau nedeclarate, cu inchisoare de la 5 - 25 ani si cu amenda egala cu incincitul valorilor confiscate, fara a se putea acorda circumstante atenuante.
    Daca valorile necedate sau nedeclarate nu pot fi confiscate, indiferent din ce cauza, infractorii vor fi condamnati sa plateasca in folosul Statului o suma egala cu de cinci ori echivalentul in lei a obiectului infractiunii; aceasta suma se dubleaza in caz de necedarea aurului sau valutelor efective prevazute in comunicatul Bancii Nationale a Romaniei.
    Infractiunile la prezenta lege se constata si se judeca conform prevederilor Legii pentru comertul de devize din 1 octombrie 1932, cu modificarile ulterioare.
    Valorile confiscate in folosul Statului, vor fi lichidate pentru Stat la cursul oficial.
    Banca Nationala a Romaniei va retine din contravaloarea in lei a valorii confiscate, 25% pentru cheltuielile sale de urmarire si 20% pentru a fi distribuite drept prime, din care 10% denuntatorului si 10% constatatorului, afara de cazul cand agentii constatatori sunt functionari ai Bancii Nationale a Romaniei sau membri ai Corpului judecatoresc, in care caz prima cuvenita lor se va retine de Banca Nationala a Romaniei pentru acoperirea cheltuielilor provocate cu urmarirea infractiunilor la legea de fata.
    Art. 15
    Obligatiile prevazute in legea devizelor si in Legea circulatiei metalelor pretioase (638/1946) sunt si raman in vigoare.
    Art. 16
    Dispozitiunile Legii nr. 656 din 1944, privitor la circulatia medaliilor comemorative de aur, sunt si raman abrogate; se abroga deasemenea dispozitiunile art. 7, pct. b din Legea nr. 638 din 1946.
    Art. 17
    Cedarile si declaratiunile se vor face la sediile Bancii Nationale a Romaniei din Bucuresti si din provincie.
    Art. 18
    Banca Nationala a Romaniei este autorizata a lua masurile necesare, pentru aplicarea si executarea dispozitiunilor din prezenta lege.



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COMENTARII la Legea 284/1947

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ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
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ANONIM a comentat Decizia 385 2016
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