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DECIZIE Nr

DECIZIE   Nr. 16 din  3 februarie 1998

referitoare la exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 330, art. 330^1, art. 330^2, art. 330^3 si ale art. 330^4 din Codul de procedura civila

ACT EMIS DE: CURTEA CONSTITUTIONALA

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 105 din  6 martie 1998


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    Ioan Muraru            - presedinte
    Costica Bulai          - judecator
    Viorel Mihai Ciobanu   - judecator
    Mihai Constantinescu   - judecator
    Nicolae Popa           - judecator
    Lucian Stangu          - judecator
    Florin Bucur Vasilescu - judecator
    Romul Petru Vonica     - judecator
    Victor Dan Zlatescu    - judecator
    Paula C. Pantea        - procuror
    Gabriela Dragomirescu  - magistrat-asistent

    Pe rol, pronuntarea asupra exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 330, art. 330^1, art. 330^2, art. 330^3 si ale art. 330^4 din Codul de procedura civila, ridicata de Strugariu Alina in Dosarul nr. 4.168/1996, aflat pe rolul Curtii Supreme de Justitie - Sectia civila.
    Dezbaterile au avut loc in sedinta publica din data de 27 ianuarie 1998, in prezenta reprezentantului Ministerului Public si in lipsa partilor legal citate, fiind consemnate in incheierea de la acea data, cand Curtea, avand nevoie de timp pentru a delibera, a amanat pronuntarea pentru data de 3 februarie 1998.

    CURTEA,
avand in vedere actele si lucrarile dosarului, constata urmatoarele:
    Curtea Suprema de Justitie - Sectia civila, prin Incheierea din 27 mai 1997, a sesizat Curtea Constitutionala cu exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a art. 330, art. 330^1, art. 330^2, art. 330^3 si a art. 330^4 din Codul de procedura civila, ridicata de Strugariu Alina.
    In motivarea exceptiei se sustine ca dispozitiile art. 330^1 din Codul de procedura civila, in redactarea anterioara Legii nr. 17/1997, erau neconstitutionale, deoarece inexistenta unui termen pentru exercitarea caii de atac are drept consecinta instabilitatea raporturilor juridice civile.
    Exprimandu-si opinia, instanta de judecata apreciaza ca exceptia este neintemeiata.
    In scopul solutionarii cauzei, conform prevederilor art. 24 alin. (1) din Legea nr. 47/1992, astfel cum a fost modificata prin Legea nr. 138/1997, s-au solicitat puncte de vedere presedintilor celor doua Camere ale Parlamentului si Guvernului.
    In punctul de vedere al Guvernului se apreciaza ca exceptia de neconstitutionalitate nu este intemeiata, avand in vedere practica jurisdictionala a Curtii Constitutionale.
    Presedintii celor doua Camere ale Parlamentului nu au comunicat punctele lor de vedere.

    CURTEA,
examinand incheierea de sesizare, punctul de vedere al Guvernului, raportul intocmit de judecatorul-raportor, concluziile procurorului, dispozitiile legale atacate, raportate la prevederile Constitutiei si ale Legii nr. 47/1992, republicata, constata urmatoarele:
    In temeiul art. 144 lit. c) din Constitutie si al art. 23 din Legea nr. 47/1992, Curtea este competenta sa solutioneze exceptia de neconstitutionalitate invocata.
    Curtea s-a pronuntat cu privire la constitutionalitatea art. 330, art. 330^2, art. 330^3 si a art. 330^4 din Codul de procedura civila prin Decizia nr. 73 din 4 iunie 1996, ramasa definitiva prin Decizia nr. 96 din 24 septembrie 1996, publicate in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 251 din 17 octombrie 1996 si, respectiv, nr. 255 din 22 octombrie 1996, constatand, pe de o parte, ca prevederile art. 330, ale art. 330^2 alin. 2, ale art. 330^3 si ale art. 330^4 din Codul de procedura civila sunt constitutionale, iar pe de alta parte, ca dispozitiile art. 330^2 alin. 1 din Codul de procedura civila sunt neconstitutionale.
    Avand in vedere ca un text declarat neconstitutional nu mai poate face obiectul unei noi exceptii de neconstitutionalitate, potrivit prevederilor art. 23 alin. (3) din Legea nr. 47/1992, exceptia vizand dispozitiile art. 330^2 alin. 1 din Codul de procedura civila urmeaza sa fie respinsa ca inadmisibila.
    Totodata, exceptia privind dispozitiile art. 330, ale art. 330^2 alin. 2, ale art. 330^3, precum si ale 330^4 din Codul de procedura civila urmeaza sa fie respinsa, intrucat nu au intervenit elemente noi care sa schimbe practica jurisdictionala a Curtii Constitutionale.
    Cu privire la dispozitiile art. 330^1 din Codul de procedura civila, se constata ca, la data ridicarii exceptiei, prin Legea nr. 17/1997, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 26 din 18 februarie 1997, acestea fusesera modificate, astfel incat, in prezent, recursul in anulare nu mai poate fi declarat oricand de catre procurorul general, ci numai in cadrul unui termen de 6 luni, care incepe sa curga de la data cand hotararea a ramas irevocabila, pentru motivul prevazut la art. 330 pct. 1 din Codul de procedura civila, sau de la data ramanerii definitive a hotararii de condamnare, pentru motivul prevazut la art. 330 pct. 2 din acelasi cod.
    Rezulta asadar ca, fiind instituit termenul de exercitare a acestei cai de atac, exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 330^1 din Codul de procedura civila a ramas fara obiect.
    In acest sens s-a pronuntat Curtea Constitutionala prin Decizia nr. 37 din 25 februarie 1997, definitiva, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 64 din 15 aprilie 1997.

    Pentru considerentele expuse, in temeiul art. 144 lit. c) si al art. 145 alin. (2) din Constitutie, precum si al art. 3 al art. 13 alin. (1) lit. A.c) si al art. 23 din Legea nr. 47/1992, republicata,

    CURTEA
    In numele legii
    DECIDE:

    Respinge exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 330, art. 330^1, art. 330^2, art. 330^3 si ale art. 330^4 din Codul de procedura civila, ridicata de Strugariu Alina in Dosarul nr. 4.168/1996 al Curtii Supreme de Justitie - Sectia civila.
    Definitiva.
    Pronuntata in sedinta publica din 3 februarie 1998.

           PRESEDINTELE CURTII CONSTITUTIONALE,
              prof. univ. dr. IOAN MURARU

                                   Magistrat asistent,
                                   Gabriela Dragomirescu



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