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DECIZIE Nr

DECIZIE   Nr. 157 din  3 iunie 1997

privind exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 330, ale art. 330^1, ale art. 330^2, ale art. 330^3 si ale art. 330^4 din Codul de procedura civila

ACT EMIS DE: CURTEA CONSTITUTIONALA

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 148 din 10 iulie 1997


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    Ioan Muraru           - presedinte
    Viorel Mihai Ciobanu  - judecator
    Nicolae Popa          - judecator
    Lucian Stangu         - judecator
    Victor Dan Zlatescu   - judecator
    Raul Petrescu         - procuror
    Gabriela Dragomirescu - magistrat-asistent

    Pe rol, pronuntarea asupra recursului declarat de Nanul Gabriela impotriva Deciziei Curtii Constitutionale nr. 20 din 30 ianuarie 1997.
    Dezbaterile au avut loc in sedinta publica din 27 mai 1997, recurenta fiind reprezentata prin avocatul Aurel Sitaru, si in lipsa celorlalte parti cu care procedura de citare a fost legal indeplinita, si au fost consemnate in incheierea din aceeasi data, cand Curtea, avand nevoie de timp pentru a delibera, a amanat pronuntarea la data de 3 iunie 1997.

    CURTEA,
avand in vedere actele si lucrarile dosarului, constata urmatoarele:
    Prin Decizia nr. 20 din 30 ianuarie 1997 s-a respins ca vadit nefondata exceptia invocata de Nanul Gabriela, retinandu-se ca asupra constitutionalitatii art. 330, a art. 330^2 alin. 2, a art. 330^3 si a art. 330^4 din Codul de procedura civila, Curtea s-a pronuntat prin Decizia nr. 73 din 4 iunie 1996, definitiva, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 255 din 22 octombrie 1996, statuand ca ele sunt constitutionale. Cu privire la dispozitiile art. 330^2 alin. 1 din Codul de procedura civila, prin aceeasi decizie, nr. 73/1996, Curtea a constatat ca acestea sunt neconstitutionale. Referitor la dispozitiile art. 330^1 din Codul de procedura civila s-a retinut ca, prin Decizia nr. 96 din 24 septembrie 1996, Curtea a statuat ca aceste prevederi sunt neconstitutionale, in masura in care se aplica hotararilor pronuntate inainte de 26 iulie 1993, data intrarii in vigoare a Legii nr. 59/1993.
    Impotriva acestei decizii Nanul Gabriela a declarat recurs, sustinand, in esenta, ca hotararea completului de fond s-a intemeiat pe o decizie anterioara a Curtii, fara a analiza si a raspunde care dintre cele trei puteri statale solutioneaza cauzele generate de incalcarea art. II din Decretul nr. 92/1950, deoarece art. 21 din Constitutie prevede ca puterea judecatoreasca are competenta exclusiva de a solutiona litigiile privind drepturile, libertatile si interesele legitime ale cetatenilor.
    Intrucat exceptia a fost respinsa ca vadit nefondata, potrivit art. 24 alin. (3) din Legea nr. 47/1992, s-au solicitat puncte de vedere celor doua Camere ale Parlamentului si Guvernului.
    Comisia juridica de numiri, disciplina, imunitati si validari a Senatului "constata ca exceptia ridicata este nefondata".
    Guvernul, in punctul sau de vedere, apreciaza ca recursul este neintemeiat, deoarece Decizia nr. 20 din 30 ianuarie 1997 se intemeiaza pe deciziile Curtii Constitutionale nr. 73 din 4 iunie 1996 si nr. 96 din 24 septembrie 1996, care, potrivit prevederilor art. 145 alin. (2) din Constitutie si ale art. 26 alin. (5) din Legea nr. 47/1992, sunt obligatorii.
    Camera Deputatilor nu a comunicat punctul sau de vedere.

    CURTEA,
avand in vedere decizia atacata, motivele de recurs invocate, punctele de vedere ale Senatului si Guvernului, raportul intocmit de judecatorul-raportor, prevederile art. 330 si urmatoarele din Codul de procedura civila, raportate la dispozitiile Constitutiei si ale Legii nr. 47/1992, retine:
    Motivul de recurs privind intemeierea solutiei pe decizii anterioare ale Curtii este nefondat. Adoptarea acestei solutii se bazeaza pe prevederile art. 145 alin. (2) din Constitutie si ale art. 26 alin. (5) din Legea nr. 47/1992, potrivit carora deciziile definitive ale Curtii Constitutionale sunt obligatorii si au putere numai pentru viitor. De asemenea, art. 29 din Regulamentul de organizare si functionare a Curtii Constitutionale prevede ca aceasta statueaza numai asupra problemelor de drept, asa incat o prevedere legala nu poate fi apreciata constitutionala intr-o cauza si neconstitutionala in alta, cat timp legitimitatea sa constitutionala se determina prin raportarea acestei prevederi la dispozitiile sau principiile constitutionale, astfel cum dispune art. 2 alin. (2) din Legea nr. 47/1992.
    Intrucat nu au intervenit elemente noi care sa determine schimbarea practicii Curtii, in mod intemeiat, la judecata in fond, exceptia de neconstitutionalitate invocata a fost respinsa ca vadit nefondata.
    Nici sustinerea facuta in sensul ca prin decizia atacata nu se analizeaza si nu se stabileste care dintre cele trei puteri ale statului sunt competente sa solutioneze litigiile privind incalcarea Decretului nr. 92/1950 nu este intemeiata. Se constata ca aceasta problema nu are relevanta in contenciosul constitutional, ea fiind strict de domeniul interpretarii si aplicarii legii, care, potrivit practicii constante a Curtii, este de competenta exclusiva a instantelor judecatoresti. Situatia de fapt, prezentata de reprezentantul recurentei la sedinta de dezbateri din 27 mai 1997, in sensul ca imobilul in litigiu nu a intrat niciodata in proprietatea statului prin efectul Decretului nr. 92/1950, ci a facut obiectul unui schimb fortat de proprietati pe baza unui act in care consimtamantul proprietarului a fost viciat, nu intra in competenta de solutionare a Curtii Constitutionale. Cu privire la acest aspect, competenta sa se pronunte este instanta de judecata.
    Fata de considerentele expuse, in temeiul art. 144 lit. c) din Constitutie, precum si al art. 13 alin. (1) lit. A.c), al art. 25 si al art. 26 din Legea nr. 47/1992,

    CURTEA
    In numele legii
    DECIDE:

    Respinge recursul declarat de Nanul Gabriela impotriva Deciziei Curtii Constitutionale nr. 20 din 30 ianuarie 1997.
    Definitiva.
    Pronuntata in sedinta publica din 3 iunie 1997.

             PRESEDINTELE CURTII CONSTITUTIONALE,
                prof. univ. dr. IOAN MURARU

                         Magistrat asistent,
                         Gabriela Dragomirescu



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