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ORDIN Nr

ORDIN   Nr. 185/153 din 19 martie 2002

pentru aprobarea Normelor privind solventii de extractie utilizati in producerea alimentelor si a ingredientelor alimentare

ACT EMIS DE: MINISTERUL SANATATII SI FAMILIEI


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              Nr. 185 din 19 martie 2002
              MINISTERUL AGRICULTURII, ALIMENTATIEI SI PADURILOR
              Nr. 153 din 11 aprilie 2002
ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 265 din 19 aprilie 2002

    Ministrul sanatatii si familiei si ministrul agriculturii, alimentatiei si padurilor,
    avand in vedere prevederile art. 8 alin. (2) din Ordonanta de urgenta a Guvernului nr. 97/2001 privind reglementarea productiei, circulatiei si comercializarii alimentelor,
    vazand Referatul de aprobare al Directiei generale de sanatate publica din cadrul Ministerului Sanatatii si Familiei nr. DB 2.955 din 19 martie 2002 si Referatul Directiei standarde, marci si licente, calitatea alimentelor si acreditare din cadrul Ministerului Agriculturii, Alimentatiei si Padurilor nr. 171.212 din 4 aprilie 2002,
    in temeiul Hotararii Guvernului nr. 22/2001 privind organizarea si functionarea Ministerului Sanatatii si Familiei, cu modificarile si completarile ulterioare, si al Hotararii Guvernului nr. 12/2001 privind organizarea si functionarea Ministerului Agriculturii, Alimentatiei si Padurilor, cu modificarile si completarile ulterioare,
    emit urmatorul ordin:

    Art. 1
    Se aproba Normele privind solventii de extractie utilizati in producerea alimentelor si a ingredientelor alimentare, prevazute in anexa care face parte integranta din prezentul ordin.
    Art. 2
    Directia generala de sanatate publica din cadrul Ministerului Sanatatii si Familiei si directiile de sanatate publica judetene si a municipiului Bucuresti, impreuna cu Directia standarde, marci si licente, calitatea alimentelor si acreditare din cadrul Ministerului Agriculturii, Alimentatiei si Padurilor, directiile generale pentru agricultura si industrie alimentara judetene si a municipiului Bucuresti, vor aduce la indeplinire prevederile prezentului ordin.
    Art. 3
    Prezentul ordin va fi publicat in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, si va intra in vigoare in termen de 12 luni de la data publicarii.

                       Ministrul sanatatii si familiei,
                               Daniela Bartos

              Ministrul agriculturii, alimentatiei si padurilor,
                                 Ilie Sarbu

    ANEXA 1

                                NORME
privind solventii de extractie utilizati in producerea alimentelor si a ingredientelor alimentare

    Art. 1
    (1) Prezentele norme se aplica solventilor de extractie utilizati sau destinati producerii alimentelor sau a ingredientelor alimentare.
    Normele nu se aplica solventilor de extractie utilizati in producerea aditivilor alimentari, vitaminelor si a altor aditivi nutritionali, cu exceptia cazului in care astfel de aditivi alimentari, vitamine sau alti aditivi nutritionali sunt enumerati in anexa.
    Prin utilizarea aditivilor alimentari, a vitaminelor sau a altor aditivi nutritionali nu trebuie sa rezulte alimente cu continut de reziduuri de solventi de extractie ce ating niveluri periculoase pentru sanatatea publica.
    (2) In sensul prezentelor norme, urmatorii termeni se definesc astfel:
    a) solvent reprezinta orice substanta utilizata pentru dizolvarea unui aliment sau a oricarui component din acesta, inclusiv a oricarui contaminant prezent in sau pe acest aliment;
    b) solvent de extractie reprezinta solventul care este utilizat in procesul de extractie in timpul prelucrarii materiilor prime, a alimentelor sau a componentelor ori a ingredientelor acestor produse si care este inlaturat, dar care poate determina involuntar si inevitabil, din punct de vedere tehnic, prezenta reziduurilor sau a derivatilor in aliment ori in ingredientul alimentar.
    Art. 2
    (1) Se autorizeaza utilizarea ca solventi de extractie la fabricarea alimentelor sau a ingredientelor alimentare substantele si materialele enumerate in lista cuprinsa in anexa la prezentele norme, cu respectarea conditiilor de utilizare si cu incadrarea in limitele maxime de reziduuri precizate in aceasta.
    Nu se poate interzice, restrictiona sau obstructiona comercializarea alimentelor sau a ingredientelor alimentare, in cazul in care solventii de extractie utilizati sau reziduurile lor sunt in conformitate cu prevederile prezentelor norme.
    (2) Cu exceptia celor specificate in anexa, nu se autorizeaza utilizarea altor substante sau materiale ca solventi de extractie si nici extinderea conditiilor de utilizare sau a nivelului admis al reziduurilor solventilor de extractie mentionati in anexa la prezentele norme.
    (3) Apa, la care se pot adauga substante care regleaza aciditatea sau alcalinitatea, precum si alte substante alimentare care au proprietati de solventi si etanolul sunt autorizate ca solventi de extractie la fabricarea alimentelor sau a ingredientelor alimentare.
    Art. 3
    Substantele si materialele prevazute ca solventi de extractie in anexa la prezentele norme trebuie sa se incadreze in urmatoarele criterii de puritate:
    a) nu contin o cantitate periculoasa din punct de vedere toxic din nici un element sau substanta;
    b) contin maximum 1 mg/kg arsen sau maximum 1 mg/kg plumb, sub rezerva unor exceptii prevazute la criteriile specifice de puritate.
    Art. 4
    In cazul in care, ca urmare a obtinerii unor informatii noi sau reevaluarii informatiilor existente, se constata ca:
    a) prezenta uneia dintre substantele enumerate sau limitele maxime prevazute;
    b) utilizarea unui solvent de extractie
constituie un pericol pentru sanatatea publica, desi sunt respectate conditiile prevazute in prezentele norme, atunci aplicarea prezentelor norme se suspenda temporar sau se limiteaza.
    Art. 5
    (1) Se interzice comercializarea substantelor mentionate in anexa la prezentele norme si destinate utilizarii ca solventi de extractie in alimente, daca ambalajele, recipientele sau etichetele nu au inscrise urmatoarele informatii obligatorii, lizibile, usor de identificat si intr-un mod care nu permite stergerea:
    a) denumirea comerciala conform anexei;
    b) o mentiune clara indicand ca materialul este de o calitate corespunzatoare pentru utilizarea in extractia alimentelor sau a ingredientelor alimentare;
    c) o referire prin care se poate identifica partida sau lotul respectiv;
    d) denumirea sau denumirea comerciala si adresa producatorului ori a ambalatorului sau distribuitorului din Romania;
    e) cantitatea neta exprimata in unitati de volum;
    f) daca este necesar, conditiile speciale de depozitare si conditiile de utilizare.
    (2) Prin derogare de la prevederile alin. (1), informatiile specificate la lit. c), d), e) si f) ale alineatului respectiv pot aparea numai pe documentele comerciale referitoare la partida sau lotul respectiv care se furnizeaza o data cu livrarea sau anterior livrarii.
    (3) Mentiunile prevazute in prezentul articol se inscriu in limba romana, fara a exclude prezentarea acestora in alte limbi.
    Art. 6
    Anexa face parte integranta din prezentele norme.

    ANEXA 1
    la norme

                               LISTA
cuprinzand solventii de extractie care pot fi utilizati in timpul prelucrarii materiilor prime, alimentelor, componentelor sau ingredientelor alimentare

    PARTEA I
    Solventii de extractie care se utilizeaza in conformitate cu buna practica de fabricare pentru toate utilizarile*1)
__________________________________________________________________________
                            Denumirea
__________________________________________________________________________
                       Propan
                       Butan
                       Acetat de etil
                       Etanol
                       Dioxid de carbon
                       Acetona*2)
                       Protoxid de azot
__________________________________________________________________________
    *1) Se considera ca un solvent de extractie este utilizat in conformitate cu buna practica de fabricare, daca utilizarea sa duce numai la prezenta reziduurilor sau a derivatilor in cantitati inevitabile din punct de vedere tehnic si nu prezinta nici un pericol pentru sanatatea umana.
    *2) Se interzice utilizarea acetonei la rafinarea uleiului din turta de masline.

    PARTEA a II-a
    Solventii de extractie pentru care sunt specificate conditiile de utilizare
________________________________________________________________________________
                    Conditiile de utilizare                 Limitele maxime de
     Denumirea         (descrierea sumara                   reziduu in alimentul
                         a extractiei)                      sau ingredientul
                                                            alimentar extras
________________________________________________________________________________
Hexan*1)            Producerea sau fractionarea grasimilor  1 mg/kg in grasime
                    si uleiurilor si producerea untului     sau ulei ori unt de
                    de cacao                                cacao
                    Prepararea produselor proteice si a     10 mg/kg in
                    fainurilor degresate                    alimentul ce contine
                                                            produse proteice si
                                                            fainuri degresate
                                                            30 mg/kg in
                                                            produsele de soia
                                                            asa cum au fost
                                                            vandute
                                                            consumatorului final
                    Prepararea germenilor de cereale        5 mg/kg in germenii
                    degresati                               de cereale degresati
Acetat de metil     Decofeinizarea sau inlaturarea          20 mg/kg in cafea
                    substantelor iritante si amare din      sau ceai
                    cafea si ceai
                    Producerea zaharului din melase         1 mg/kg in zahar
Etilmetilcetona*2)  Fractionarea grasimilor si uleiurilor   5 mg/kg in grasime
                                                            sau ulei
                    Decofeinizarea sau inlaturarea          20 mg/kg in cafea
                    substantelor iritante si amare din      sau ceai
                    cafea si ceai
Diclormetan         Decofeinizarea sau inlaturarea          2 mg/kg in cafea
                    substantelor iritante si amare din      prajita si
                    cafea si ceai                           5 mg/kg in ceai
Metanol             Toate utilizarile                       10 mg/kg
Propanol-2
________________________________________________________________________________
    *1) Hexanul reprezinta produsul comercial care consta in esenta in hidrocarburi acrilice saturate ce contin 6 atomi de carbon si distileaza intre 64 grade C si 70 grade C. Se interzice utilizarea combinata a hexanului si etilmetilcetonei.
    *2) Prezenta n-hexanului in solvent nu depaseste 50 mg/kg. Acest solvent nu poate fi utilizat in combinatie cu hexanul.

    PARTEA a III-a
    Solventii de extractie pentru care nu sunt specificate conditiile de utilizare
_______________________________________________________________________________
                           Limitele maxime de reziduu din aliment, provenite
      Denumirea          din utilizarea solventilor de extractie la pregatirea
                              aromelor din materiale aromatizante naturale
_______________________________________________________________________________
Eter dietilic                               2 mg/kg
Hexan*1)                                    1 mg/kg
Acetat de metil                             1 mg/kg
Butanol-1                                   1 mg/kg
Butanol-2                                   1 mg/kg
Etilmetilcetona*1)                          1 mg/kg
Diclormetan                                 0,02 mg/kg
Propanol-1                                  1 mg/kg
Ciclohexan                                  1 mg/kg
1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroetan                     0,02 mg/kg
_______________________________________________________________________________
    *1) Se interzice utilizarea combinata a celor doi solventi.



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COMENTARII la Ordinul 153/2002

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ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
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ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK.VIA: dromokpo@gmail.com This is my testimony of life that I will tell everyone. I have been married for 25 years Another woman had a spell to get me away from my lover, My husband left me and the children and we suffered for 2 years until I saw post about where this man Dr Omokpo has helped so many people recover their broken marriages and relationships   to get their ex lovers back. I decided to send him a message about my broken marriage and family  about how my husband left me and  for him to help me bring back my loving husband home, This great man told me what to do and I followed him as he instructed. After 48 hours, as he told me, I saw a car enter the compound. I was shocked when I saw my husband. As I share my testimony with you my husband came back to me and the kids and that's why I'm happy to put all of you to meet this man for solutions to your problem and bring your lover back to you and mend your broken marriage or your relationship restored back to happiness as you wished. Contact this great man via: dromokpo@gmail.com
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