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DECIZIE Nr

DECIZIE   Nr. 3 din  2 decembrie 2002

ACT EMIS DE: CURTEA SUPREMA DE JUSTITIE - SECTIILE UNITE

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 113 din 24 februarie 2003


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    Sub presedintia vicepresedintelui Curtii Supreme de Justitie, Ruxandra Neagu,
    s-a luat in examinare recursul in interesul legii, declarat de procurorul general al Parchetului de pe langa Curtea Suprema de Justitie, cu privire la imprejurarea daca administratorul asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari are calitatea de functionar si la incadrarea juridica a faptei acestuia de insusire, folosire sau traficare, in interesul sau ori pentru altul, de bani, valori sau alte bunuri pe care le gestioneaza sau le administreaza.
    Ministerul Public a fost reprezentat de procurorul Iuliana Nedelcu.
    Reprezentantul Ministerului Public a sustinut recursul in interesul legii, cerand sa se decida in sensul ca administratorul asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari are calitatea de functionar, iar fapta acestuia de insusire, folosire sau traficare, in interesul sau ori pentru altul, de bani, valori sau alte bunuri pe care le gestioneaza sau le administreaza constituie infractiunea de delapidare.

    SECTIILE UNITE,
deliberand asupra recursului in interesul legii, constata urmatoarele:
    In aplicarea dispozitiilor art. 147 alin. 2 si ale art. 215^1 din Codul penal, instantele judecatoresti s-au pronuntat diferit cu privire la imprejurarea daca administratorul asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari are calitatea de functionar, precum si la incadrarea juridica a faptei acestuia de insusire, folosire sau traficare, in interesul sau ori pentru altul, de bani, valori sau alte bunuri pe care le gestioneaza sau le administreaza.
    Astfel, unele instante au considerat ca administratorul asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari nu are calitatea de functionar in sensul prevederilor art. 147 alin. 2 din Codul penal, iar fapta sa de insusire, folosire sau traficare, in interesul sau ori pentru altul, de bani, valori sau alte bunuri pe care le gestioneaza sau le administreaza constituie infractiunea de gestiune frauduloasa prevazuta de art. 214 alin. 2 din Codul penal.
    S-a motivat, in sprijinul acestui punct de vedere, ca o atare fapta nu intruneste conditiile referitoare la subiectul activ al infractiunii de delapidare, deoarece atributiile de gestionare a bunurilor asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari nu il transforma pe administrator in functionar in acceptiunea prevederilor art. 147 alin. 2 din Codul penal.
    Au fost si instante care s-au pronuntat in sensul ca prin conduita sa ilicita de insusire, folosire sau traficare a unor bunuri ce i-au fost incredintate de membrii asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari administratorul asociatiei dispune pe nedrept de acele bunuri, comitand astfel infractiunea de abuz de incredere prevazuta de art. 213 din Codul penal.
    In fine, alte instante s-au pronuntat in sensul ca administratorul asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari are calitatea de functionar in sensul art. 147 alin. 2 din Codul penal, iar fapta acestuia de insusire, folosire sau traficare, in interesul sau ori pentru altul, de bani, valori sau alte bunuri pe care le gestioneaza sau le administreaza constituie infractiunea de delapidare prevazuta de art. 215^1 din Codul penal.
    Aceste din urma instante au procedat corect.
    Potrivit art. 147 alin. 2 din Codul penal, "prin <<functionar>> se intelege persoana mentionata in alin. 1", adica aceea care exercita permanent sau temporar, cu orice titlu, indiferent cum a fost investita, o insarcinare de orice natura, retribuita sau nu, in serviciul unei unitati dintre cele la care se refera art. 145, "precum si orice salariat care exercita o insarcinare in serviciul unei alte persoane juridice decat cele prevazute in acel alineat".
    Din coroborarea dispozitiilor cuprinse in cele doua alineate ale art. 147 din Codul penal rezulta astfel ca are calitatea de "functionar" atat persoana care este "functionar public" in acceptiunea prevederilor din primul alineat al acestui articol, cat si orice salariat care exercita o insarcinare in serviciul unei alte persoane juridice decat "autoritatile publice, institutiile sau alte persoane juridice de interes public", la care se refera art. 145 din Codul penal.
    In acelasi timp, trebuie avut in vedere ca, potrivit art. 34 alin. 1 din Legea locuintei nr. 114/1996, "cladirile de locuit pot fi date de proprietar in administrarea unor persoane fizice sau juridice, asociatii, servicii publice sau agenti economici specializati ...", iar prin alin. 2 lit. a) din acelasi articol se prevede ca intre obligatiile principale ale celor care le administreaza este si "gestionarea bunurilor si a fondurilor banesti".
    Tot astfel, prin art. 16 din Statutul privind organizarea si functionarea asociatiei locatarilor, aprobat prin Decretul nr. 387/1977, sunt stabilite atributii specifice de gestionar pentru administratorul asociatiei locatarilor, prevazandu-se, intre altele, ca acesta "raspunde de buna functionare si integritatea partilor si instalatiilor de folosinta comuna din cladire, de mijloacele materiale ale asociatiei", "asigura intocmirea listelor lunare de plata si incasarea cotelor de contributie la cheltuielile comune", "se ingrijeste de efectuarea cheltuielilor strict necesare activitatii asociatiei" si "asigura intocmirea si pastrarea evidentelor asociatiei".
    Or, in raport cu aceste vadite atributii de gestionar ale administratorului asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari, prevazute in actele normative mentionate, este evident ca aceasta persoana are calitatea de "functionar" in sensul prevederilor art. 147 alin. 2 din Codul penal, potrivit carora prin functionar se intelege si orice salariat care exercita o insarcinare in serviciul unei alte unitati decat cele de interes public.
    Pe de alta parte, este de observat ca in art. 215^1 alin. 1 din Codul penal se prevede ca infractiunea de delapidare se savarseste prin "insusirea, folosirea sau traficarea, de catre un functionar, in interesul sau ori pentru altul, de bani, valori sau alte bunuri pe care le gestioneaza sau le administreaza".
    Asa fiind, din moment ce administratorul asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari are calitatea de functionar cu vadite atributii de gestionar si de administrator, fapta sa de insusire, folosire sau traficare, in interesul sau ori pentru altul, de bani, valori sau alte bunuri din cele pe care le gestioneaza sau administreaza constituie infractiunea de delapidare prevazuta de art. 215^1 din Codul penal.

    In consecinta, in temeiul dispozitiilor art. 26 lit. b) din Legea Curtii Supreme de Justitie nr. 56/1993, republicata, precum si ale art. 414^2 din Codul de procedura penala, urmeaza a se admite recursul in interesul legii si a se stabili ca administratorul asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari are calitatea de functionar, iar fapta acestuia de insusire, folosire sau traficare, in interesul sau ori pentru altul, de bani, valori sau alte bunuri pe care le gestioneaza sau le administreaza constituie infractiunea de delapidare.

    PENTRU ACESTE MOTIVE
    In numele legii
    DECIDE:

    Admite recursul in interesul legii declarat de procurorul general al Parchetului de pe langa Curtea Suprema de Justitie.
    In aplicarea prevederilor art. 147 alin. 2 si ale art. 215^1 din Codul penal, stabileste:
    1. Administratorul asociatiei de proprietari sau de locatari are calitatea de functionar.
    2. Fapta acestuia de insusire, folosire sau traficare, in interesul sau ori pentru altul, de bani, valori sau alte bunuri pe care le gestioneaza sau le administreaza constituie infractiunea de delapidare.
    Pronuntata in sedinta publica azi, 2 decembrie 2002.

       VICEPRESEDINTELE CURTII SUPREME DE JUSTITIE,
                     RUXANDRA NEAGU

                              Prim magistrat asistent,
                              Ioan Raileanu



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