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DECIZIE Nr

DECIZIE   Nr. 2 din 26 februarie 2001

ACT EMIS DE: CURTEA SUPREMA DE JUSTITIE - SECTIILE UNITE

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 230 din  7 mai 2001


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    Sub presedintia presedintelui Curtii Supreme de Justitie, Paul Florea, s-a luat in examinare recursul in interesul legii, declarat de procurorul general al Parchetului de pe langa Curtea Suprema de Justitie, cu privire la caile de atac la care este supusa incheierea data de judecatorul de la biroul de carte funciara si instanta careia ii revine competenta sa le solutioneze.
    Ministerul Public a fost reprezentat de procurorul Viorel Oprita.
    Reprezentantul Ministerului Public a sustinut recursul in interesul legii, cerand sa se decida in sensul ca incheierea data de judecatorul de la biroul de carte funciara este supusa ambelor cai ordinare de atac, respectiv apelului, care se judeca de tribunal, si recursului, care se judeca de curtea de apel.

    SECTIILE UNITE,
deliberand asupra recursului in interesul legii, constata urmatoarele:
    In aplicarea dispozitiilor art. 52 alin. 2 din Legea cadastrului si a publicitatii imobiliare nr. 7/1996, precum si ale art. 2 pct. 2 si ale art. 3 pct. 3 din Codul de procedura civila, instantele judecatoresti s-au pronuntat diferit cu privire la caile de atac la care este supusa incheierea data de judecatorul de la biroul de carte funciara si la instantele carora le revine competenta de a le solutiona.
    Astfel, unele instante au considerat ca incheierile mentionate pot fi atacate cu plangere la judecatorie si apoi, cu apel la tribunal, iar in final, cu recurs la curtea de apel.
    Alte instante insa s-au pronuntat in sensul ca impotriva incheierilor judecatorului de la biroul de carte funciara pot fi exercitate calea de atac a apelului, care se judeca de tribunal, si a recursului, care se judeca de curtea de apel.
    Aceste din urma instante au procedat corect.
    Potrivit reglementarilor cuprinse in art. 49 alin. 1 din Legea nr. 7/1996 cererea de inscriere in cartea funciara se depune, insotita de inscrisul original sau de copia legalizata de pe acesta, prin care se constata actul sau faptul juridic a carui inscriere se cere, la biroul de carte funciara al judecatoriei.
    Prin art. 50 alin. 1 din aceeasi lege se prevede ca, in cazul in care inscrisul indeplineste conditiile prevazute in acel articol, judecatorul de la biroul de carte funciara admite cererea si dispune inscrierea prin incheiere.
    In cazul in care, insa, nu intruneste conditiile prevazute de lege, cererea de inscriere in cartea funciara se respinge, in conformitate cu art. 51 alin. 1 din legea mentionata, prin incheiere motivata, dispozitie care, potrivit alin. 2 al aceluiasi articol, este aplicabila si in cazul cererilor de radiere.
    Este de retinut ca, indiferent de solutia pronuntata de judecatorul de la biroul de carte funciara, prin art. 52 alin. 1 din lege s-a instituit obligativitatea comunicarii acesteia atat celui care a cerut inscrierea sau radierea unui act sau fapt juridic, cat si celorlalte persoane interesate.
    Totodata, prin alin. 2 al acestui articol se mai prevede ca "Incheierea este supusa cailor ordinare de atac".
    Din caracterul imperativ al acestei dispozitii rezulta - asadar - ca o atare incheiere nu poate fi atacata cu plangere adresata judecatoriei in cadrul careia functioneaza biroul de carte funciara, ci este supusa numai cailor de atac reglementate prin Codul de procedura civila, potrivit distinctiilor cuprinse in dispozitiile sale.
    Ca urmare, tinandu-se seama ca prin dispozitia mentionata s-a prevazut posibilitatea atacarii acestor incheieri prin folosirea cailor ce se pot exercita impotriva hotararilor pronuntate de judecatorii in prima instanta, se constata ca reglementarile aplicabile in materia respectiva sunt cele inscrise in textele din Codul de procedura civila care se refera la competenta instantelor de a judeca in cazul cailor de atac ce vizeaza hotararile pronuntate de judecatorii in prima instanta.
    Cum prin art. 2 pct. 2 si art. 3 pct. 3 din Codul de procedura civila se prevede ca apelurile declarate impotriva hotararilor pronuntate de judecatorii in prima instanta sunt judecate de tribunale, iar recursurile declarate impotriva hotararilor pronuntate de tribunale in apel sunt judecate de curtile de apel, se impune concluzia ca si judecarea cailor de atac ce vizeaza o incheiere data de judecatorul de la biroul de carte funciara trebuie sa aiba loc potrivit acelorasi distinctii privind competenta materiala.
    De altfel, din moment ce cererile care se solutioneaza pe calea incheierii date de judecatorul de carte funciara sunt necontencioase, este evident ca si sub acest aspect o astfel de incheiere este supusa, potrivit art. 336 alin. 2 din Codul de procedura civila, caii de atac a apelului, cu posibilitatea atacarii cu recurs a solutiei pronuntate in apel.

    In consecinta, in conformitate cu dispozitiile art. 26 lit. b) din Legea Curtii Supreme de Justitie nr. 56/1993, republicata, precum si ale art. 329 din Codul de procedura civila, urmeaza sa se admita recursul in interesul legii si sa se stabileasca ca incheierea data de judecatorul de la biroul de carte funciara este supusa caii de atac a apelului, care se judeca de tribunal, precum si celei a recursului, care se judeca de curtea de apel.

    PENTRU ACESTE MOTIVE
    In numele legii
    DECIDE:

    Admite recursul in interesul legii declarat de procurorul general al Parchetului de pe langa Curtea Suprema de Justitie.
    In aplicarea dispozitiilor art. 52 alin. 2 din Legea nr. 7/1996, ale art. 2 pct. 2 si ale art. 3 pct. 3 din Codul de procedura civila stabileste ca incheierea data de judecatorul de la biroul de carte funciara este supusa caii de atac a apelului, care se judeca de tribunal, si celei a recursului, care se judeca de curtea de apel.
    Obligatorie pentru instante, conform art. 329 alin. 3 teza a II-a din Codul de procedura civila.
    Pronuntata in sedinta publica la data de 26 februarie 2001.

           PRESEDINTELE CURTII SUPREME DE JUSTITIE,
                         PAUL FLOREA

                              Prim magistrat asistent,
                              Ioan Raileanu



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COMENTARII la Decizia 2/2001

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ANONIM a comentat Decretul 770 1966
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ANONIM a comentat Decretul 390 2018
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER. BACK I want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: {dromokpo@gmail.com}that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man. That this great man helped her too. Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and I forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or broken marriage situation and you want your Ex lover, Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife back you reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Rectificare 353 2008
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER. BACK I want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: {dromokpo@gmail.com}that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man. That this great man helped her too. Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and I forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or broken marriage situation and you want your Ex lover, Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife back you reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com
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ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
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ANONIM a comentat Decretul 770 1966
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ANONIM a comentat Legea 166 2014
    HOW TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK & HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER BACK MY TRUE LIFE STORY HOW I GOT MY EX LOVER BACK.I  want to thank Dr Omokpo for saving my marriage. My husband  treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my husband has changed towards me. Then he told me to contact: dromokpo@gmail.com that he will help me bring my husband back to being a good man.Then I gave him a try. after 3 days of casting the spell my husband came back home and i forgive him and today we are living in joy and happiness If you are going through any relationship stress or  broken marriage situation  and you want your Ex lover,  Ex boyfriend, Ex girlfriend or Divorced husband or wife you can reach him via: dromokpo@gmail.com 
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