Anunţă-mă când se modifică Fişă act Comentarii (0) Trimite unui prieten Tipareste act

DECIZIE Nr

DECIZIE   Nr. 165 din 21 octombrie 1999

referitoare la exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal

ACT EMIS DE: CURTEA CONSTITUTIONALA

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 624 din 21 decembrie 1999


SmartCity3


    Lucian Mihai           - presedinte
    Costica Bulai          - judecator
    Constantin Doldur      - judecator
    Kozsokar Gabor         - judecator
    Ioan Muraru            - judecator
    Nicolae Popa           - judecator
    Lucian Stangu          - judecator
    Florin Bucur Vasilescu - judecator
    Romul Petru Vonica     - judecator
    Iuliana Nedelcu        - procuror
    Marioara Prodan        - magistrat-asistent

    Pe rol se afla solutionarea exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal, ridicata din oficiu de instanta in Dosarul nr. 4.769/1999 al Judecatoriei Cluj-Napoca, privind pe Vasile Nicula.
    La apelul nominal lipsesc partile, fata de care procedura de citare este legal indeplinita.
    Cauza fiind in stare de judecata, reprezentantul Ministerului Public solicita admiterea exceptiei, aratand ca dispozitiile art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal contravin prevederilor constitutionale cuprinse in art. 41 alin. (2), deoarece creeaza un regim juridic diferentiat de ocrotire pentru proprietatea privata a statului. Considera ca aceasta reprezinta o discriminare interzisa de dispozitiile legii fundamentale, cuprinse in textul mentionat, referitoare la protectia egala a proprietatii private, indiferent de titular. Astfel, potrivit dispozitiilor legale criticate, pentru ocrotirea proprietatii private a statului procesul penal este pornit din oficiu, in timp ce pentru protectia proprietatii private apartinand altor titulari de drept procesul penal se declanseaza numai la plangerea prealabila a persoanei vatamate. In continuare, se refera la jurisprudenta Curtii Constitutionale, si anume la deciziile nr. 177/1998 si nr. 5/1999, prin care s-a statuat, cu privire la o formulare discriminatorie similara, cuprinsa in alin. 2 al art. 213 din Codul penal si, respectiv, la alin. 3 al art. 214 din Codul penal, in sensul ca aceasta discriminare contravine dispozitiilor art. 41 alin. (2) din Constitutie. In final, reprezentantul Ministerului Public solicita admiterea exceptiei si constatarea neconstitutionalitatii dispozitiilor art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal, in masura in care instituie un regim juridic diferit pentru ocrotirea proprietatii private a statului.

    CURTEA,
avand in vedere actele si lucrarile dosarului, constata urmatoarele:
    Prin Incheierea din 6 iulie 1999, pronuntata in dosarul nr. 4.769/1999, Judecatoria Cluj-Napoca a sesizat Curtea Constitutionala cu exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal, ridicata din oficiu intr-o cauza penala privind pe Vasile Nicula, invinuit de savarsirea infractiunii de tulburare de posesie, prevazuta la art. 220 din Codul penal, in dauna Societatii Comerciale "Legume-Fructe" - S.A. din Cluj-Napoca. Plangerea a fost adresata Parchetului care, dispunand incetarea urmaririi penale pentru infractiunea prevazuta la art. 108 din Legea nr. 18/1991, republicata, a trimis cauza spre solutionare, sub aspectul infractiunii prevazute la art. 220 din Codul penal, Judecatoriei Cluj-Napoca. Partea vatamata a ridicat exceptia lipsei de competenta materiala a judecatoriei, sustinand ca urmarirea penala trebuie efectuata din oficiu, potrivit dispozitiilor art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal, iar sesizarea instantei trebuie sa se faca prin rechizitoriul parchetului si nu prin plangerea ei prealabila. Fata de aceasta sustinere a partii vatamate, instanta, din oficiu, a ridicat exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal, considerand ca acestea contravin prevederilor art. 41 alin. (2) din Constitutie, referitoare la ocrotirea in mod egal a proprietatii private, indiferent de titular, deoarece instituie un regim juridic de ocrotire diferit, in functie de titularul dreptului de proprietate.
    In conformitate cu dispozitiile art. 24 alin. (1) din Legea nr. 47/1992, republicata, incheierea de sesizare a fost comunicata presedintilor celor doua Camere ale Parlamentului si Guvernului pentru a-si exprima punctele de vedere asupra exceptiei ridicate.
    In punctul de vedere al Guvernului se apreciaza ca exceptia ridicata este intemeiata, deoarece exceptarea de la cerinta plangerii prealabile a persoanei vatamate si punerea in miscare din oficiu a actiunii penale in cazul in care imobilul este in intregime sau in parte al statului, "asigurand o aparare juridica mai energica a proprietatii private a statului", duce la o "diferentiere neconstitutionala intre protectia proprietatii private a statului si protectia proprietatii private a altor subiecti de drept". Or, datorita acestei diferente, se arata in continuare, dispozitiile art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal "contravin art. 41 alin. (2) din Constitutie, care asigura o egala ocrotire a proprietatii private prin lege, indiferent daca aceasta apartine statului sau altei persoane juridice ori fizice". In motivarea punctului sau de vedere, Guvernul face referire la jurisprudenta Curtii Constitutionale, si anume la deciziile nr. 177/1998 si nr. 5/1999, prin care, in cazul infractiunii de abuz de incredere, prevazuta la art. 213 din Codul penal, respectiv al infractiunii de gestiune frauduloasa, prevazuta la art. 214 din Codul penal, s-a constatat neconstitutionalitatea dispozitiilor referitoare la punerea in miscare a actiunii penale din oficiu, daca bunul care constituie obiectul material al infractiunii apartine in intregime sau in parte statului.
    Presedintii celor doua Camere ale Parlamentului nu au transmis punctele lor de vedere.

    CURTEA,
examinand incheierea de sesizare, punctul de vedere al Guvernului, raportul intocmit de judecatorul-raportor, sustinerile autorului exceptiei, concluziile procurorului, dispozitiile legale criticate, raportate la prevederile Constitutiei, precum si dispozitiile Legii nr. 47/1992, retine urmatoarele:
    Potrivit art. 144 lit. c) din Constitutie si art. 23 din Legea nr. 47/1992, republicata, Curtea Constitutionala este competenta sa solutioneze exceptia ridicata, fiind legal sesizata.
    Obiectul exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate il constituie dispozitiile art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal, care au urmatoarea redactare: "Daca imobilul este in posesia unei persoane private, cu exceptia cazului cand acesta este in intregime sau in parte al statului, actiunea penala se pune in miscare la plangerea prealabila a persoanei vatamate. Impacarea partilor inlatura raspunderea penala".
    In motivarea exceptiei ridicate din oficiu instanta considera ca alin. 4 al art. 220 din Codul penal contravine prevederilor constitutionale cuprinse in art. 41 alin. (2), referitoare la ocrotirea in mod egal a proprietatii private, indiferent de titular, considerand ca, desi prin acest text este ocrotita posesia, in realitate aceasta este vizata ca atribut al dreptului de proprietate. Se considera, de asemenea, de catre instanta, ca, prin dispozitiile sale, textul de lege criticat instituie o discriminare interzisa de Constitutie intre protectia proprietatii private a statului, caz in care actiunea penala se pune in miscare din oficiu, si ocrotirea proprietatii private a altor titulari ai dreptului de proprietate, caz in care actiunea penala se pune in miscare la plangerea prealabila a persoanei vatamate.
    Examinand exceptia de neconstitutionalitate, Curtea constata ca dispozitiile alin. 4 al art. 220 din Codul penal instituie o ocrotire juridico-penala diferita, dupa cum imobilul, la a carui posesie se refera tulburarea, este ori nu este "in intregime sau in parte al statului". Astfel textul de lege mentionat prevede ca actiunea penala se pune in miscare din oficiu, atunci cand "acesta este in intregime sau in parte al statului" si, respectiv, se pune in miscare la plangerea prealabila a persoanei vatamate, in celelalte cazuri, cu posibilitatea, in aceasta din urma ipoteza, ca, prin retragerea plangerii sau prin impacarea partilor, sa se inlature raspunderea penala a faptuitorului. Curtea retine ca, in ipoteza reglementata prin alin. 4 al art. 220 din Codul penal, valoarea sociala explicit aparata este posesia pasnica si netulburata a unui imobil aflat "in posesia unei persoane private". In consecinta, pentru existenta ca atare a infractiunii, nu este relevanta natura dreptului de proprietate asupra imobilului a carui posesie este tulburata (proprietate publica; proprietate privata a statului; proprietate privata particulara), ci numai calitatea de "persoana privata" a posesorului imobilului. Cu toate acestea, prin dispozitiile art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal se creeaza un regim juridic favorabil posesiei ce poarta asupra imobilelor aflate in proprietatea privata a statului in comparatie cu posesia ce poarta asupra imobilelor aflate in proprietate privata particulara, ceea ce atrage, indirect, favorizarea uneia dintre formele proprietatii private. Asa fiind, asemenea reglementari, care diferentiaza apararea, prin mijloace de drept penal, a unei valori sociale (posesia pasnica si netulburata a unui imobil) in functie de titularul dreptului de proprietate asupra acelui imobil (statul sau, respectiv, alta persoana juridica ori persoana fizica) incalca, atunci cand nu este vorba despre bunuri aflate in proprietate publica, principiul consacrat in art. 41 alin. (2) din Constitutie, potrivit caruia "Proprietatea privata este ocrotita in mod egal de lege, indiferent de titular".
    De altfel, Curtea retine ca textul de lege criticat este asemanator, atat ca formulare, cat si prin consecintele sale, cu textele art. 213 alin. 2 si ale art. 214 alin. 3 din Codul penal, in privinta carora Curtea Constitutionala a constatat prin Decizia nr. 177 din 15 decembrie 1998, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 77 din 24 februarie 1999 si, respectiv, prin Decizia nr. 5 din 4 februarie 1999, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, Partea I, nr. 95 din 5 martie 1999, ca dispozitiile "cu exceptia cazului cand acesta este in intregime sau in parte al statului" si, respectiv, "cu exceptia cazului cand acesta este in intregime sau in parte proprietatea statului" sunt neconstitutionale. Deoarece nu au intervenit elemente noi, de natura sa determine reconsiderarea jurisprudentei Curtii Constitutionale, solutia din prezenta cauza, referitoare la dispozitiile art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal, urmeaza sa fie identica celor adoptate prin deciziile mentionate.

    Pentru considerentele expuse, in temeiul art. 144 lit. c) si al art. 145 alin. (2) din Constitutie, precum si al art. 13 alin. (1) lit. A.c), art. 23 si al art. 25 din Legea nr. 47/1992, republicata,

    CURTEA
    In numele legii
    DECIDE:

    Admite exceptia de neconstitutionalitate ridicata din oficiu de Judecatoria Cluj-Napoca in Dosarul nr. 4.769/1999 si constata ca dispozitia "cu exceptia cazului cand acesta este intregime sau in parte al statului" din art. 220 alin. 4 din Codul penal este neconstitutionala.
    Definitiva si obligatorie.
    Decizia se comunica celor doua Camere ale Parlamentului si Guvernului.
    Pronuntata in sedinta publica din data de 21 octombrie 1999.

          PRESEDINTELE CURTII CONSTITUTIONALE,
                    LUCIAN MIHAI

                           Magistrat asistent,
                           Marioara Prodan



SmartCity5

COMENTARII la Decizia 165/1999

Momentan nu exista niciun comentariu la Decizia 165 din 1999
Comentarii la alte acte
ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK NOW OR GET YOUR BROKEN RELATIONSHIP, MARRIAGE RESTORED. I’m just upset that I have been in pain and crying for so long and many times. Thank you dromokpo@gmail.com I wished I would have found you earlier, you would have saved me from a lot of pain for the past five years my ex lover left me for another woman in just 2 days i contacted you Dr Omokpo you brought my broken relationship back I spent a small fortune enough to take my dream trip to South Carolina but what’s the point in taking a dream trip without the love of my life. Dr Omokpo has given me hope and his honesty is a breath of fresh air, I feel so good and heavy happiness in my heart to get my ex lover back. Who I thought he was gone forever. We are married now as I share my testimony with you. If you have broken relationship or broken marriage or you want to get your ex lover back kindly contact: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Decretul 1134 2016
    My Dear friends online, My name is Annisa Agung, And I live in Illinois USA, I have to give this miraculous testimony which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 2 years ago, which led to our break up. I was not myself again, I felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worse, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in the same problem too. His name is Doctor OGEDEGBE. I whatsapp the spell caster and I told him my problem and I did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before I knew what was happening, less than two days ago my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me. I was so happy to have him back. The most interesting part of the story is that I am pregnant. Thanks to Doctor OGEDEGBE  for saving my marriage and for also saving others' marriage too. Continue your good work, If you are interested to contact the great spell caster email address: dr.ogedegbe6@gmail.com or contact him on whatsapp +2348109374702
ANONIM a comentat Legea 141 2018
    Aveți nevoie de un împrumut rapid și urgent cu o dobândă relativ scăzută, de până la 3%? Oferim împrumuturi pentru afaceri, împrumuturi personale, împrumuturi pentru locuințe, împrumuturi auto, împrumuturi pentru studenți, împrumuturi de consolidare a datoriilor etc. indiferent de scorul dvs. de credit. Avem garanția că oferim servicii financiare numeroșilor noștri clienți din întreaga lume. Cu pachetele noastre flexibile de creditare, împrumuturile pot fi procesate și transferate împrumutatului în cel mai scurt timp posibil, contactați-ne prin e-mail:(midland.credit2@gmail.com) și asistați la o experiență financiară care vă va schimba viața.
ANONIM a comentat Legea 243 2021
    I'm Rowe Lyndia from USA, i had a nice family; i was married for 11 years to my husband and all of a sudden, another woman came into the picture, the man that used to love me before started picking quarrels with me he was so abusive that when i try to tell him the truth about how i feel and what he is doing is not right for the family, he gets very angry and hits me with any thing he sees around him. but i still loved him with all my heart despite all he has done to me and i wanted him back at all cost. Then he filed for a divorce, my whole life was tearing apart and I didn't know what to do ...... he moved out of the house and abandoned me and the kids. So a very close friend of mine told me about trying a love spell to get my husband back. She also uses Priest Uduebor love spell to get back her divorce husband and told me they are very much happy with their relationship. So she introduced me to the spell caster, at first i was surprised and scared so i decided to give it a try reluctantly.......although i didn't believe in all those things, then when he did the special spells, i was so surprised, after four days my husband came back and was pleading for my forgiveness, he had realized his mistakes, i just couldn't believe it, anyway we are back together now and we are now one big happy family we use to be. I want to tell everyone who is looking for any solution to his or her problem, I advise you to kindly consult this spell caster, he is real, he is powerful and whatever the spell caster tells is what will happen, because all that the spell caster told me came to pass. You can kindly contact him on: his For an immediate response please contact me by. Email ifagbemileke236@gmail.com WhatsApp number (+2349030638317). He also cures all kinds of sickness and such as 1 LOVE SPELL 2 WIN EX BACK 3 FRUIT OF THE WOMB 4 PROMOTION SPELL 5 PROTECTION SPELL 6 BUSINESS SPELL 7 GOOD JOB SPELL 8 HIV AIDS 9 LOTTERY SPELL and COURT CASE SPELL. 10 CANCER 11 STROKE 12 Erectile Dysfunction
ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
    Hello everyone, my name is Elisa Keily I am so overwhelmed with joy all thanks to Dr Raypower spell. my husband left me for another woman few years back and I was very devastated cause I never did anything wrong to him, I was left with my two kid and a job that pays little.i was almost giving up until I saw a testimony online about Dr Raypower and I decided to contact him.i explained my problem to him and he assured me I'll see a positive result after 24hurs, surprisingly my husband came back the day after the spell begging me to forgive him and promised to never leave. My husband has been back for 6 months now and we've never had any issues, am glad I didn't doubt Dr Raypower cause he sure can solve any problems with fast relief you can also contact him for help now Email: Urgentspellcast@gmail.com or Urgentspellcast@yahoo.com Website: https://urgentspellcast.wordpress.com/  WhatsApp: +14243308109
ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
     I want to use this opportunity to thank Dr Ilekhojie who help me to win a large sum. I have been playing the lottery for the past 5 years now and i have never won. Ever since then i have not been able to win and i was so upset and i needed help to win the lottery. so i decided to go online and search for help, there i saw so many good testimony about this man called Great Dr Ilekhojie of how he have cast lucky spell lotto for people to win the lottery. I contacted him also and tell him i want to win a lottery, he cast a spell for me which i use and i play and won a large amount in dollars. I am so grateful to this man. Just in-case you also need him to help you win, you can contact him through his email: gethelp05@gmail.com and send him a direct message on +2348147400259
ANONIM a comentat OUG 96 2021
    Hello everyone, I want to let the whole world know how Dr. Wale has restored my broken relationship with Wayne. We have been together for 3 years and he told me that he doesn’t love me like he used to. Things have not been good for about 4 months and he ended this about 2 weeks ago. I was miserable and just didn't want to go on anymore. I did text him right after this but he didn’t even respond to me. One day I was searching for a way to get him back on the Internet when I saw a post of a lady testifying of how a love spell caster called Dr. Wale helped her to get back her ex, I was so desperate to get mine back so I messaged him and explained my situation to him and he instructed me to do somethings which I did and 24 hours later my boyfriend Wayne came back kneeling and begging for my forgiveness and I forgive him and our relationship was back to normal again, if your Ex broke up with you or you have any problem then you problem has come to an end because Dr. Wale can solve all marriage and relationship problems. If you need his urgent help WhatsApp/Text him: +1(978) 406-9575 or Email: everlastingspellcast@gmail.com or view his website: https://everlastingspellcaster.website2.me/contact
ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK.VIA: dromokpo@gmail.com This is my testimony of life that I will tell everyone. I have been married for 25 years Another woman had a spell to get me away from my lover, My husband left me and the children and we suffered for 2 years until I saw post about where this man Dr Omokpo has helped so many people recover their broken marriages and relationships   to get their ex lovers back. I decided to send him a message about my broken marriage and family  about how my husband left me and  for him to help me bring back my loving husband home, This great man told me what to do and I followed him as he instructed. After 48 hours, as he told me, I saw a car enter the compound. I was shocked when I saw my husband. As I share my testimony with you my husband came back to me and the kids and that's why I'm happy to put all of you to meet this man for solutions to your problem and bring your lover back to you and mend your broken marriage or your relationship restored back to happiness as you wished. Contact this great man via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Decizia 2 2007
    GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK.VIA: dromokpo@gmail.com This is my testimony of life that I will tell everyone. I have been married for 25 years Another woman had a spell to get me away from my lover, My husband left me and the children and we suffered for 2 years until I saw post about where this man Dr Omokpo has helped so many people recover their broken marriages and relationships   to get their ex lovers back. I decided to send him a message about my broken marriage and family  about how my husband left me and  for him to help me bring back my loving husband home, This great man told me what to do and I followed him as he instructed. After 48 hours, as he told me, I saw a car enter the compound. I was shocked when I saw my husband. As I share my testimony with you my husband came back to me and the kids and that's why I'm happy to put all of you to meet this man for solutions to your problem and bring your lover back to you and mend your broken marriage or your relationship restored back to happiness as you wished. Contact this great man via: dromokpo@gmail.com
ANONIM a comentat Legea 158 2004
     Ai nevoie de împrumut ?? Oferim împrumuturi cu 3%, oferim împrumuturi de consolidare a datoriilor, împrumut de afaceri, împrumut privat, împrumuturi auto, împrumuturi hoteliere, împrumut studențesc, împrumut personal Împrumuturi de refinanțare a locuințelor, pentru mai multe detalii Email: (tinvestor53@gmail.com) WhatsApp “: + 16892107004
Alte acte pe aceeaşi temă cu Decizia 165/1999
Coduri postale Prefixe si Coduri postale din Romania Magazin si service calculatoare Sibiu