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DECIZIE   Nr. 1218 din 5 octombrie 2010

referitoare la exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a prevederilor art. 15-20, art. 28 alin. (2), art. 29, art. 31-34 si ale art. 39 alin. (3) din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 2/2001 privind regimul juridic al contraventiilor

ACT EMIS DE: CURTEA CONSTITUTIONALA

ACT PUBLICAT IN: MONITORUL OFICIAL  NR. 775 din 19 noiembrie 2010



Augustin Zegrean                  - presedinte

Aspazia Cojocaru                  -judecator

Acsinte Gaspar                      -judecator

Petre Lazaroiu                       -judecator

Mircea Stefan Minea              -judecator

Iulia Antoanella Motoc           -judecator

Ion Predescu                         -judecator

Puskas Valentin Zoltan          -judecator

Tudorel Toader                      -judecator

Valentina Barbateanu            - magistrat-asistent

Cu participarea reprezentantului Ministerului Public, procuror Carmen-Catalina Gliga.

Pe rol se afla solutionarea exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate a prevederilor art. 15-20, art. 28 alin. (2), art. 29, art. 31-34 si ale art. 39 alin. (3) din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 2/2001 privind regimul juridic al contraventiilor, exceptie ridicata de Andrei Mihaescu în Dosarul nr. 14.594/211/2009 al Judecatoriei Cluj-Napoca.

La apelul nominal se constata lipsa partilor, fata de care procedura de citare a fost legal îndeplinita.

Cauza fiind în stare de judecata, presedintele Curtii acorda cuvântul reprezentantului Ministerului Public. Acesta pune concluzii de respingere ca neîntemeiata a exceptiei, invocând jurisprudenta în materie a Curtii Constitutionale, reprezentata de Decizia nr. 259/2007.

CURTEA,

având în vedere actele si lucrarile dosarului, constata urmatoarele:

Prin Incheierea din 14 ianuarie 2010, pronuntata în Dosarul nr. 14.594/211/2009, Judecatoria Cluj-Napoca a sesizat Curtea Constitutionala cu exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a dispozitiilor art. 15-20, art. 28 alin. (2), art. 29, art. 31-34 si ale art. 39 alin. (3) din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 2/2001 privind regimul juridic al contraventiilor. Exceptia a fost ridicata de Andrei Mihaescu într-o cauza civila având ca obiect solutionarea unei plângeri contraventionale.

In motivarea exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate se sustine ca dispozitiile legale criticate sunt neconstitutionale, deoarece „instituie o discriminare între contravenienti", „încalca dreptul la un proces echitabil, dreptul la aparare si prezumtia de nevinovatie", precum si dreptul de proprietate.

Judecatoria Cluj-Napoca si-a exprimat opinia în sensul netemeiniciei exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate, în concordanta cu jurisprudenta în materie a Curtii Constitutionale.

Potrivit prevederilor art. 30 alin. (1) din Legea nr. 47/1992, încheierea de sesizare a fost comunicata presedintilor celor doua Camere ale Parlamentului, Guvernului si Avocatului Poporului, pentru a-si exprima punctele de vedere asupra exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate.

Presedintii celor doua Camere ale Parlamentului, Guvernul si Avocatul Poporului nu au comunicat punctele lor de vedere asupra exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate.

CURTEA,

examinând încheierea de sesizare, raportul întocmit de judecatorul-raportor, concluziile procurorului, dispozitiile legale criticate, raportate la prevederile Constitutiei, precum si Legea nr. 47/1992, retine urmatoarele:

Curtea Constitutionala a fost legal sesizata si este competenta, potrivit dispozitiilor art. 146 lit. d) din Constitutie, precum si ale art. 1 alin. (2), ale art. 2, 3, 10 si 29 din Legea nr. 47/1992, sa solutioneze exceptia de neconstitutionalitate.

Obiect al exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate îl constituie prevederile art. 15-20, art. 28 alin. (2), art. 29, art. 31-34 si ale art. 39 alin. (3) din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 2/2001 privind regimul juridic al contraventiilor, publicata în Monitorul Oficial al României, Partea I, nr. 410 din 25 iulie 2001, aprobata cu modificari si completari prin Legea nr. 180/2002, cu modificarile si completarile ulterioare. Textele legale criticate prevad urmatoarele:

-Art. 15-20 din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 2/2001 fac parte din cap. II al ordonantei, intitulat „Constatarea contraventiei", si reglementeaza aspecte procedurale referitoare la stabilirea contraventiei, continutul procesului-verbal de contraventie si conditiile de întocmire a acestuia;

- Art. 28 alin. (2) din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 2/2001 se refera la achitarea amenzilor care se cuvin bugetului de stat;

- Art. 29 stabileste ca dispozitiile art. 28 se aplica si în cazurile prevazute la art. 10 alin. (2), daca contravenientul achita jumatate din minimul amenzii prevazute de actul normativ pentru fiecare dintre contraventiile constatate, fara ca prin totalizare sa se depaseasca maximul prevazut pentru contraventia cea mai grava;

-  Art. 31-34 se refera la procedura de contestare a procesului-verbal de contraventie;

-  Art. 39 alin. (3) prevede ca executarea sanctiunii contraventionale se face în conditiile prevazute de dispozitiile legale privind executarea silita a creantelor fiscale.

In opinia autorului exceptiei de neconstitutionalitate, textele de lege criticate contravin urmatoarelor dispozitii cuprinse în Legea fundamentala: art. 1 alin. (3) si (5) privind statul român de drept, art. 15 alin. (1) privind universalitatea drepturilor si a libertatilor fundamentale, art. 16 alin. (1) privind egalitatea în drepturi, art. 21 alin. (3) referitoare la dreptul la un proces echitabil, art. 23 alin. (11) cu privire la prezumtia de nevinovatie, art. 24 privind dreptul la aparare, art. 44 alin. (1) si (8) privind garantarea dreptului de proprietate si interzicerea confiscarii averii dobândite licit, art. 56 referitoare la contributiile financiare, art. 136 alin. (5) care consacra caracterul inviolabil, în conditiile legii, al proprietatii private. De asemenea, sunt invocate prevederile constitutionale ale art. 11 -„Dreptul international si dreptul intern" si ale art. 20 - „Tratatele internationale privind drepturile omului".

Examinând exceptia de neconstitutionalitate, Curtea observa ca, prin mai multe decizii, dintre care poate fi mentionata, exemplificativ, Decizia nr. 961 din 25 septembrie 2008, publicata în Monitorul Oficial al României, Partea I, nr. 734 din 30 octombrie 2008, s-a pronuntat asupra constitutionalitatii dispozitiilor art. 15-20, art. 28 alin. (2), art. 29, art. 31-34 si ale art. 39 alin. (3) din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 2/2001, prin raportare la aceleasi texte fundamentale invocate si fata de critici de neconstitutionalitate similare. Cu acel prilej Curtea a respins ca neîntemeiata exceptia de neconstitutionalitate, constatând ca textele de lege criticate nu contravin dispozitiilor invocate în motivarea criticii.

Intrucât nu au intervenit elemente noi, care sa justifice reconsiderarea acestei jurisprudente, atât solutia deciziei mentionate, cât si argumentele pe care aceasta s-a bazat îsi mentin valabilitatea si în cauza de fata.

Pentru considerentele expuse mai sus, în temeiul art. 146 lit. d) si al art. 147 alin. (4) din Constitutie, precum si al art. 1-3, al art. 11 alin. (1) lit.A.d) si al art. 29 din Legea nr. 47/1992,

CURTEA  CONSTITUTIONALA

In numele legii

DECIDE:

Respinge, ca neîntemeiata, exceptia de neconstitutionalitate a prevederilor art. 15-20, art. 28 alin. (2), art. 29, art. 31-34 si ale art. 39 alin. (3) din Ordonanta Guvernului nr. 2/2001 privind regimul juridic al contraventiilor, exceptie ridicata de Andrei Mihaescu în Dosarul nr. 14.594/211/2009 al Judecatoriei Cluj-Napoca.

Definitiva si general obligatorie.

Pronuntata în sedinta publica din data de 5 octombrie 2010.

PRESEDINTELE CURTII CONSTITUTIONALE,

AUGUSTIN ZEGREAN

Magistrat-asistent,

Valentina Barbateanu


SmartCity5

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